Sensation and Perception Learning Memory Key Points Answer me if you Can

100

What is Sensation
Our initial experience of a stimulus

100

What is Learning
A process through which experience brings about a lasting change in behavior or knowledge.

100

What are Encoding, Storing, Retrieval
The key tasks of a memory system

100

What is Reflex
An eye blink is an example of

100

Who is Little Albert
John Watson and Rosalie Rayner conducted their classic study of conditioned fear with an infant known as __________.

200

What is Perception
Through the process of ________, we are able to interpret incoming sensory patterns

200

What is Mere Exposure Effect
Gina walks into her psychology class on the first day, and she sits next to Roger. She thinks his looks are decent, but by the end of the semester she finds him to be quite attractive

200

What is Memory
Refers to the term for any system that encodes, stores, and retrieves information.

200

What is Observational Learning
The type of learning when we watch how people act

200

Who is Bandura
**DOUBLE POINTS**A Congressional hearing is taking place in Washington, DC. The representatives are discussing whether the portrayals of violence on children’s TV shows are perhaps contributing to the violence we see in schools today. The work of what psychologist is most relevant to their discussions?

300

What are Sensory Perceptors
Cells that are triggered by light, vibrations, sounds, touch, or chemical substances

300

What are Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
Two main types of behavioral learning

300

What is Retrieval
Trying to remember someone’s name whom you met long ago is an example of what type of process?

300

What is Habituation
______ refers to a simple form of learning that involves learning NOT to respond to stimulation.

300

What is Negative Reinforcement
When a stimulus is removed from a person or animal resulting in a decrease in the probability of response, it is known as

400

What is Transduction
The process of ________ is responsible for the conversion of physical energy to neural impulses.

400

What is Operant or Instrument Learning
B.F. Skinner was responsible for discovering this type of learning.

400

What is Storage
Our ability to retain encoded material over time is known as

400

What is Food-Aversion Learning
The tendency of organisms to connect illness with certain foods and is a process that seems to have a genetic basis

400

What is Stimulus Generalization
The tendency to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus is called

500

What are Sensory Pathways
Nerve impulses that carry information travel along ________ to specialized processing areas in the brain.

500

What is Extinction
________ refers to a procedure in classical conditioning where a CR no longer occurs in the presence of the CS due to the absence of the UCS

500

What is Encoding
During the memory process of ________, we select, identify, and label an experience

500

Who is Wolfgang Kohler or Kohler
He learned that learning was more than just behavioral learning but was also influenced by mental processes.

500

What is Spontaneous Recovery
An animal is conditioned to salivate to a metronome using Pavlovian procedures. After the conditioning is established, the animal is then put through an extinction procedure and the conditioned salivation disappears. Then the animal is removed from the test situation for several days. When returned to the test situation, the conditioned response is seen again. The effect is known as

Psychology Review for Chapter 3, 4, and 5

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