Sensation and Perception
Learning
Memory
Key Points
Answer me if you Can

100

Our initial experience of a stimulus
What is Sensation

100

A process through which experience brings about a lasting change in behavior or knowledge.
What is Learning

100

The key tasks of a memory system
What are Encoding, Storing, Retrieval

100

An eye blink is an example of
What is Reflex

100

John Watson and Rosalie Rayner conducted their classic study of conditioned fear with an infant known as __________.
Who is Little Albert

200

Through the process of ________, we are able to interpret incoming sensory patterns
What is Perception

200

Gina walks into her psychology class on the first day, and she sits next to Roger. She thinks his looks are decent, but by the end of the semester she finds him to be quite attractive
What is Mere Exposure Effect

200

Refers to the term for any system that encodes, stores, and retrieves information.
What is Memory

200

The type of learning when we watch how people act
What is Observational Learning

200

**DOUBLE POINTS**A Congressional hearing is taking place in Washington, DC. The representatives are discussing whether the portrayals of violence on children’s TV shows are perhaps contributing to the violence we see in schools today. The work of what psychologist is most relevant to their discussions?
Who is Bandura

300

Cells that are triggered by light, vibrations, sounds, touch, or chemical substances
What are Sensory Perceptors

300

Two main types of behavioral learning
What are Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning

300

Trying to remember someone’s name whom you met long ago is an example of what type of process?
What is Retrieval

300

______ refers to a simple form of learning that involves learning NOT to respond to stimulation.
What is Habituation

300

When a stimulus is removed from a person or animal resulting in a decrease in the probability of response, it is known as
What is Negative Reinforcement

400

The process of ________ is responsible for the conversion of physical energy to neural impulses.
What is Transduction

400

B.F. Skinner was responsible for discovering this type of learning.
What is Operant or Instrument Learning

400

Our ability to retain encoded material over time is known as
What is Storage

400

The tendency of organisms to connect illness with certain foods and is a process that seems to have a genetic basis
What is Food-Aversion Learning

400

The tendency to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus is called
What is Stimulus Generalization

500

Nerve impulses that carry information travel along ________ to specialized processing areas in the brain.
What are Sensory Pathways

500

________ refers to a procedure in classical conditioning where a CR no longer occurs in the presence of the CS due to the absence of the UCS
What is Extinction

500

During the memory process of ________, we select, identify, and label an experience
What is Encoding

500

He learned that learning was more than just behavioral learning but was also influenced by mental processes.
Who is Wolfgang Kohler or Kohler

500

An animal is conditioned to salivate to a metronome using Pavlovian procedures. After the conditioning is established, the animal is then put through an extinction procedure and the conditioned salivation disappears. Then the animal is removed from the test situation for several days. When returned to the test situation, the conditioned response is seen again. The effect is known as
What is Spontaneous Recovery