Strategies
Characteristics
Types of reading performance
Principles
Assessment
100

What strategies are suggested for improving fluency in reading?

Strategies such as skimming, scanning, predicting, and identifying main ideas are recommended for enhancing fluency in reading.

100

What do we mean by formality and is writing usually more formal than speech?

Formality refers to prescribed forms that certain written messages must adhere to.

100

Why is silent reading considered essential for learners?

 Silent reading is essential for learners to gain speed in the reading process.

100

What is the primary purpose of conducting a pre-assessment before introducing reading material to students? 

 To gauge the existing knowledge, skills, and abilities of learners.


 

100

What is the perceptive reading in assessing reading comprehension?

Perceptive reading focuses on recognizing symbols, letters, and words.

200

How does the coordinated use of multiple reading strategies contribute to understanding literal meaning, implications, and rhetorical relationships?

Coordinated use of multiple strategies enhances comprehension of literal meaning, implications, and rhetorical relationships.

200

Why do we need to develop macro and micro skills?


To become an efficient reader

200

Name one advantage and one disadvantage of oral reading mentioned in the text.

Advantage - Adds extra student participation. Disadvantage - Not a very authentic language activity

200

How does selecting reading material relevant to students' goals contribute to effective reading instruction, as mentioned in the passage?

Selecting material aligned with students' goals enhances engagement and motivation in the reading process.

200

Name one item type under selective reading in the assessment of reading comprehension.

(Possible answers include) Multiple-choice grammar/vocabulary tasks, contextualized multiple-choice, sentence-level cloze tasks, matching tasks, grammar/vocabulary editing tasks.

300

What role do affective factors play in second language reading?

Affective factors, such as language ego, self-esteem, empathy, motivation, and the "love" of reading, play major roles in the success of second language readers.

300

What is the difference between macro and micro-skills?

The micro-skills refer to producing the smaller chunks of language such as phonemes, morphemes, words, collocations, and phrasal units. The macro-skills imply the speaker's focus on the larger elements: fluency, discours, function, style, cohesion, nonverbal communication, and strategic options.

300

Why might oral reading not be considered a very authentic language activity, according to the text?

Oral reading is seen as not very authentic because it may have the outward appearance of student participation but can be mere recitation without meaningful engagement.

300

According to the passage, why is it essential to build ongoing (informal) assessment into reading techniques? Provide at least two examples (from nine examples) of overt responses that can indicate a reader's comprehension.

Ongoing assessment in reading is crucial due to the unobservable nature of comprehension. Examples of overt responses include: 1. Choosing—where the reader selects from alternatives, and 2. Conversing—where the reader engages in a conversation demonstrating appropriate processing of information.

300

In the taxonomy of tasks, what is involved in interactive reading at the discourse level?

Discourse-level cloze tasks, reading + comprehension questions, short answer responses to reading, discourse editing tasks, scanning, reordering sequences of sentences, responding to charts, maps, graphs, diagrams.

400

What are some recommended strategies for improving reading fluency?

Strategies for improving reading fluency include skimming, scanning, predicting, and identifying main ideas

400

Which type of skills it belongs to and why?

"Distinguish between literal and implied meaning"

Marco-skill

400

How does intensive reading serve as a "zoom lens" strategy?

Intensive reading is a "zoom lens" strategy focusing on linguistic or semantic details.

400

In choosing reading texts, what three criteria were proposed for making selections that benefit students?

a. Suitability of content, b. Exploitability, c. Readability.

400

What are some tasks associated with extensive reading, as mentioned in the taxonomy?

Skimming, summarizing, responding to reading through short essays, note-taking, marginal notes, highlighting, outlining.

500

In the context of second language literacy, what challenges do adult learners who are nonliterate in their native language face?

Adult L2 learners who are nonliterate in their native language face challenges in skills-based and strategies-based approaches to literacy training, requiring both emotional and practical support from teachers (Devine & Eskey, 2004; Ediger, 2014).

500

Which type of skills it belongs to and why? "Recognise the word core and interpret word order patters and their significance"

Micro-skills

500

What are the advantages of extensive reading, especially in terms of learners' reading approach?

Extensive reading stimulates reading for enjoyment, helps learners get away from overanalyzing, and encourages reading for understanding as "engaged" readers.

500

 Briefly explain the SQ3R technique mentioned in the passage and its significance in teaching reading.

SQ3R is a five-step technique involving Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review. It is a general guide for approaching a reading text, emphasizing active engagement and comprehension.

500

 In the assessment of reading comprehension, why is it important to differentiate between bottom-up and top-down tasks?

Differentiating between bottom-up and top-down tasks is crucial for assessing reading comprehension. For example, designing a task that requires students to respond to charts or diagrams (top-down) versus a task that involves multiple-choice recognition of symbols or words (bottom-up) reflects the need to balance these approaches in assessment design.

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