nonfiction/informational
fiction
poetry
vocabulary
context clues
100

There are about 400 different kinds of sharks. Some sharks are longer than a school bus, and some are small enough to swim in fish tanks. Each shark looks different, and the can have different diets. There are sharks in all four oceans in the world. 

What is the main idea of this paragraph ?

There are many type of sharks and they are all different from one another. 
100

Josie's week is jampacked. In addition to school, homework, and chores, she has soccer, band practice, ballet lessons, and Girl Scouts. She rarely has time to spend with her friends or watch TV. 

Which word best describes Josie ? 

a. happy

b. nervous

c. ambitious 

c. ambitious 

100

What a a stanza ? 

a group of lines in a poem 

100

what is a theme ? 

the main message or lesson in a story 

100

Which sentence from the story helps the reader understand the meaning of disputing as it is used in paragraph 1?

An Elephant and a Crocodile were once standing beside a river. They were

disputing as to which was the better animal.


A. “‘Heyday, sirs!’ said His Majesty, going up to them, ‘let me know the

cause of your quarrel.’” (paragraph 5)

B. “Upon hearing this, off they started.” (paragraph 10)

C. "Look at my strength," said the Elephant. "I can tear up a tree, roots and all, with my trunk."

D. “‘And you,’ said the Lion, turning to the Crocodile, ‘although unable to

reach the helmet, were able to dive for it and save it.’” (paragraph 13)

C. "Look at my strength," said the Elephant. "I can tear up a tree, roots and all, with my trunk."

200

Autumn is another word for fall, and it is one of the four seasons. During the fall, the weather becomes cooler. There is less sunlight and the days are shorter. Trees begin shedding their leaves. The leaves change from green to red, orange, brown, or yellow before falling. 

What would be a good heading for this paragraph ? 

A. The four seasons

B. Autumn

C. Changing leaves

D. Seasons greetings


B. Autumn

200

During which part of the plot does the character begin to solve the problem ? 

a. rising action

b. climax

c. falling action 

c. falling action

200

What is a rhyme ? 

words that have similar sounds

200

What is a main idea ? 


BONUS : do you find a main idea when reading fiction or nonfiction ? 

what the story is mostly about


nonfiction 

200

What is the meaning of the phrase torrential downpour as it is used in

paragraph 17 of the article?


Part B

Which paragraph from the article best helps the reader understand the

meaning of torrential downpour?

“It was a little dangerous,” Clements said after the swim, noting that he wasn’t sure which direction the storm was moving." ... 

“We waited 2 1/2 hours for torrential downpour and a little bit of pony,” she said.

A. an event that lasts longer than expected

B. a time of day when ocean water is calm and still

C. a heavy rainfall during a storm

D. a chance to see unusual animal behavior

C. a heavy rainfall during a storm

300

Gorillas are primates and live in groups called troops. Gorillas eat mostly leaves, stems, and fruits, making them herbivores. Gorillas live in Africa and make nests on the ground to sleep in. Gorillas are large, standing nearly 6 feet tall and weighing nearly 400 pounds. Gorillas have no predators other than humans. 

What is a herbivore ? 

a. an animal that eats meat and plants

b. an animal that eats on only meat

c. an animals that eats only plants

c. an animals that eats only plants


300

During which part of the plot does the author introduce you to the characters and setting. 

a. background

b. rising action 

c. resolution 

a. background 

300

determine the meaning of this figurative language 

The sea lashed out in anger at the ships, unwilling to tolerate another battle.

the ocean waves were rough 

300

what are context clues 

the clues surrounding an unknown word that help you find the meaning 

300

What does dedicated mean as it is used in paragraph 3 of “The Peanut Man”?

This was especially bad for poor African American farmers, who relied on selling cotton to support themselves. Carver was dedicated to helping those farmers, so he came up with a plan.

A. showing disappointment in the current situation

B. expressing appreciation for hard work done by others

C. thinking something is unlikely or impossible

D. being very committed to a purpose or mission

D. being very committed to a purpose or mission

400

The Blue Morpho is one of the largest butterflies in the world. Its wings can be eight inches long. Although its wings are bright blue on top underneath they are brown and help the butterfly hide in its surroundings using camouflage. The Blue Morpho is an insect; it has antenna, six legs and three body segments - an abdomen, thorax and head. 

What is the paragraph mostly about ? 

The Blue Morpho and what is looks like. 

400

Which part of the plot leads to the problem in the story ? 

a. Rising Action

b. Climax

c. Falling action 

a. Rising Action 

400

determine the meaning of the figurative language 

She's drowning in a sea of grief.

she is very upset and grieving 

400

what is a central message


BONUS : when do you find a central message when reading fiction or nonfiction ? 

the main message, moral, or lesson in a story


fiction 

400

What does the word adapted mean as it is used in the sentence?

Assateague’s horses are uniquely adapted to survive on a barrier island. 

The horses spend most of their time grazing on abundant but nutrient-poor saltmarsh cordgrass, saltmeadow hay and beach grass. The horses’ short stature is a result of hundreds of years of adaptation to this low quality diet.

A. changed in order to fit certain conditions

B. cared for because of harsh living conditions

C. colored in order to match the surroundings

D. chosen because of a gentle manner



A. changed in order to fit certain conditions

500

The anaconda is a type of snake that lives in the rainforest of South America. Although it is not venomous, not poisonous, it is the largest snake on earth. The anaconda spends most of its time around water and is also called the water boa. The anaconda can be 22 feet long and 150 pounds. Anacondas are Nocturnal; they hunt for foods such as other reptiles, fish and birds at night. 

What is the main idea of this paragraph ? 

The anaconda is a large snake that lives in water and eats fish and birds. 

500

No one wants to play with Jackie because she always tells everyone else what to do. She insists that everyone do things her way and will not listen to anyone else's ideas. 

a. cruel

b. bossy

c. rude 

b. bossy

500

Determine the meaning of the figurative language. 

You could've knocked me over with a feather.

The person was unstable or clumsy 

500

What is the PLOT of a story ? (*hint* story rollercoaster) 

the plot are the most important events in the story 

500

What is the meaning of the word drift as it is used in paragraph 18 of “Just Like Home”?

Priya, Enrique and Farah stood up and looked at what they had done. The pavement was covered in bright colors and shapes: triangles, circles, squares and diamonds, all mixed together. Their classmates began to drift over to see what was happening.

A. hover

B. consider

C. wander

D. change

C. wander

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