Amendments
Court Cases/Laws
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Laws
Random

100

This amendment said if it wasn't in the constitution then the power went back to the state.
10th Amendment

100

This case ruled separate but equal was ok? What amendment did they argue it was breaking? What did the case argue specifically?
Plessy vs Ferguson 13th (seems like slavery) and 14th amendment (equal protection of natural rights) He shouldn't have to use a separate railway car to travel.

100

What is a defendant? What is a plaintiff?
Defendant: person accused of doing something wrong Plaintiff: The person who accuses the other person of doing something wrong.

100

These are laws that are established that allow segregation.
Jim Crow

100

This organization was made up of white people who hated blacks and would terrorism them in the South. It started after the Civil War.
KKK

200

This amendment gave blacks citizenship.
14th amendment

200

This case set a precedent that it was ok to deny someone accommodations because they were black. It's up to the states to decide these matters? What amendment does this weaken and why? What was the major opinion of the Court?
The Civil Rights Cases The 13th and 14th amendment (seems like they are still treated like slaves and denied equal protection of their liberty) Majority opinion: This has nothing to do with 14th amendment, and the 14th amendment says states can't deny rights it has nothing to do with individual people.

200

This is the Court system that makes the final law about whether something is Constitutional or not.
The Supreme Court

200

What is the Enforcement Act? What amendment is it suppose to protect?
Enforcement Act allows the military to go down to the South to ensure the 15th amendment is being followed and to stop violence from the KKK

200

Hanging a person as a type of way of terrorizing them.
Lynching.

300

This amendment ended slavery
the 13 amendment

300

This was the 1st case that started the chain reaction of precedents that weakened the 14th amendment? It stated the states could seize the property of butchers and this is a state issue not a federal issue.
Slaughter House Case

300

What is the major opinion?
This is opinion behind the final verdict.

300

What is the Civil Rights Act? What amendment is trying to enforce?
This was meant to enforce the 14th amendment and provide extra protection for blacks by getting rid of segregation in public places and allowing for fair trials.

300

What is federalism? How is it related to this unit, specifically?
The division of powers between state and national government. In the South they will argue that most of the laws are unconstitutional because of the 10th amendment. The Federal government will argue that they need to do what is necessary and proper to carry out the 14h amendment.

400

This amendment said you couldn't deny someone the right to vote due to race or previous servitude
15th amendment

400

Which court case is this??? The 15th amendment didn't give everyone the right to vote, you just couldn't deny someone the right to vote because of race. What did it lead to??? Which Amendment did it weaken?
U. S. vs. Reese States denying blacks the right to vote other ways, for example literacy test, poll taxes, grandfather clauses. 15th amendment

400

What is a precedent? Why is it important in the Court system?
A precedent means past examples and it is used in the court system because you used past rulings of court cases to help you determine the current cases.

400

Why was the Freedmen's Bureau created?
To help blacks transition from slavery to freedom. Help them by getting them homes, education, voting rights, etc.

400

What is segregation?
Separating people by a specific category. In this unit it is separation due to race.

500

This amendment said people have equal protection of their natural rights and they can't be denied by the states
14th amendment

500

What happened at the U. S. vs. Cruickshank (1876) case? What is the outcome? Which Amendment did it weaken?
Happened: LA white supremacists accused of attacking a meeting (dealt with voting) of Blacks & were convicted under the 1870 Enforcement Acts Outcome: The Court held that the 14th Amendment extended the federal power to protect civil rights ONLY in cases involving discrimination by STATES.

500

How do you become a Supreme Court justice? How long do you serve? If you don't like their ruling what can you do?
1) You must be appointed by the president and approved by the Senate. 2) You serve for life, so you either retire or die in office. 3) There isn't much you can do if you don't like the ruling, you can try to amend the Constitution but thats about it.

500

What is the law of the classroom?
What ever Mrs. Angus' says it is.

500

What is the Compromise of 1877?
was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era