Key term 1
Key term 2
Norms and Obligations
Rules and Law
obligations
100

What is common good ?

The general well-being of all within society.

100

What is norm?

 Norms are guides for action. They come in the form of laws, rules, principles, commandments, and maxims. They come with varying degrees of obligation. obligation: Something you are bound to do by duty; your responsibility.

100

What did Thomas Aquinas argue about obligation?

He argues that the obligation to follow a law exists because law comes from reason, and because law is tied to the common good. He defined law as “a reasonable decision promulgated by a competent authority for the common good.

100

What are absolute rules?

Absolute rules are rules that generally apply under all circumstances

100

What is Human life?

Human life is a good that is essentially different from all other goods. It is not a good we possess, but a good of which we are stewards.

200
What is inclination?

Natural disposition towards a perceived good. Related to passions.

200

What is obligation?

Something you are bound to do by duty; your responsibility.

200

How do the Catechism of the Catholic Church defines passions?

The Catholic Church defines passions as “emotions or movements of the sensitive appetite that incline us to act or not to act in regard to something felt or imagined to be good and evil

200

What is Generally binding rules 

Generally binding rules apply in all circumstances unless there is another compelling rule in conflict with this rule. The rule “Do not lie,” or “Be truthful,” is one such generally binding rule.

200

The natural law is nothing other than the light of understanding placed in us by..?

God

300

What is law?

The judgment of a lawmaker about the means necessary to promote and protect the common good.

300

What is passion?

Feelings, desires or emotions. Morally speaking, they are neither good nor evil in themselves, but are morally good when they contribute to a good action, and morally evil when they contribute to an evil action.

300

Where do norms come from?

Some norms come from God, some from humans.

300

What is the natural law?

The natural law is nothing other than the light of understanding placed in us by God; through it we know what we must do and what we must avoid

300

What are the 5 things a law can require ?

1. a lawmaker 

2. a specific directive of action 

3. a consideration of the common good

 4. a specific group of people for whom the law is intended 

5. obligation

400

What is Maxim?

A general truth or rule of conduct.

400

What is a proverb?

A brief, popular saying or adage containing a nugget of wisdom.

400

How can norms involve freedom?

A norm obliges us, in our freedom, to act in a certain way, addressing our sense of responsibility. Because moral norms promote and protect values, they guide us and they seek our assent.

400

what is the difference between law and rules?

Law is commonly understood as a guide for human action.  

Rules are not strictly legislated but are nevertheless obligatory guidelines for action. Rules indicate how we ought to behave in certain situations.

400

What does the church code of Canon law covers?

The Church’s Code of Canon Law covers all the aspects of the life of the Church (such as the laws, customs and decrees of the Church, the celebration of the sacraments, the administration of material goods, and sanctions  

500

What is moral principle?

The original moral sense which enables people to discern by reason what is good and what is evil, what is true and what is a lie

500

Wat is rule?

 A prescribed guide for conduct or action.

500

How can norms help us ?

Norms are guides that help us steer through the maze of human inclinations and desires.

500

Who are the lawmakers?

We identify two kinds of law: God’s law and human law

500

What does autonomous  mean?

to be a law unto oneself.

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