Renaissance Ideas
Name that Humanist
Artists and Thinkers
Reformation ideas

Reformation People and Events
100

"Renaissance" means rebirth of this. 

What is humanism or classicism? 

100

His pietà (Madonna and Jesus) statue in St Peter's Basilica shows the adult Jesus being held by Mary after he was taken down from the cross. 

Who is Michelangelo? 

100

Raphael's painting with this title, depicts ancient Greek and Roman scientists, mathematicians, and philosophers. While the painting is in the Vatican's signature room, it is an ode to humanism and classicism unlike any other. The two central figures are a key to the title. 

What is the School of Athens? 

100

The Catholic Church sold these passports from Purgatory in order to support their lust for ornate art. 

What are indulgences? 

100

Martin Luther may or may not have tacked this document onto the door of a church, sparking the Protestant Reformation. 

What is the 95 Theses? 

200

The "High Renaissance" happened in this city because the Catholic Church finally got on board and supported artists like Michelangelo. 

What is Rome? 

200

This quintessential "Renaissance Man" was a painter, sculptor, scientist, architect, military engineer, inventor and philosopher. He's famous for the Mona Lisa and the helicopter. 

Who is Leonardo da Vinci? 

200

He said this: "It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both."

Who is Machiavelli? 

200

This is the idea that any person can preach and interpret the Holy Scriptures. 

What is Priesthood of All Believers? 

200

Calvin formed a religious state in this Swiss city, abolishing drinking and dancing the Virolette in his austere "Ordinances". 

What is Geneva? 

300

The Catholic Church and these people were the major patrons of the Renaissance. 

Who are noble elites like the Medici family? 

300

He wrote in the Oration on the Dignity of Man and is the father of the Liberal Arts: "These studies were liberal because they make man free…because they perfect man…those studies by which we attain and practice virtue and wisdom"

Who is Pico Della Mirandola?

300

The Arnolfini Wedding Portrait by this painter, is indicative of complex iconography (the green dress, the dog, the mirror) along with wonky "orthogonal" perspective that is characteristic of the northern Renaissance. And like a bathroom wall, he signed his name saying he was there!

Who is Jan van Eyck?

300

This is when a church/parish does not have a priest, because the priest assigned has to attend to multiple churches at the same time. 

What is absenteeism? 

300

This group of French Calvinists infiltrated the French nobility which led to the French Wars of Religion. 

Who are the Huguenots? 

400

The new focus on classical literature and ancient texts, along with secularism, individualism, and artistic trends like symmetry are all part of this Renaissance ideology. People like Petrarch promoted this. 

What is humanism? 

400

His History of the Florentine People, has been called the first modern history book. While it probably was not his intention to secularize history, the three period view of history is unquestionably secular and for that he has been called the first modern historian

Who is Leonardo Bruni? 

400

Artemisia's Judith Slaying Holofernes is an example of this style of painting. Note the drama of this painting and the tenebrist lighting. 

What is mannerism? 

400

This is the Calvinist idea that all souls are either innately good or bad and will go to Heaven or Hell. 

What is predestination? 

400

This French treaty allowed for French protestants to practice in some area, but not Paris and ended the French Wars of Religion. 

What is the Edict of Nantes? 

500

This one invention challenged the institutional powers of universities and the Catholic Church. It helped education shift from theology to a focus on classical texts and also led to more widespread literacy and scientific inquiry. It also helped promote the Protestant Reformation. 

What is the Printing Press? 

500

His foundling hospital was quintessentially humanist in its purpose and design. He also was the architect of the Florentine Duomo (cathedral).

Who was Brunelleschi? 

500

This author of the Book of the Courtier, who is often seen as the antithesis of Machiavelli, said this: “Take care lest perchance you fall into the mistake of thinking to gain more by being merciful than by being just; for to pardon him too easily that has transgressed is to wrong him that transgresses not.”

Who is Castiglione? 

500

This is the Catholic belief that the eucharist (host/bread) and wine shared in a mass are the actual "body" and "blood" of Jesus. 

What is transubstantiation? 

500

Christian humanists like Erasmus probably rejoiced at this meeting, which marked the Catholic Counter Reformation. At it, Catholics finally abolished indulgences. 

What is the Council of Trent?

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