Functions of the Respiratory system
Diaphragm and Trachea
Bronchi and Alveoli
Respiratory Membrane and Center of the brain
Factors That Affect Breathing and Respiratory Diseases

100

The main function of the Respiratory system is to supply what to the blood?
oxygen

100

What does your diaphragm muscle seperate?
chest and abdomen

100

What shape cartilage does the bronchi have?
C shaped

100

Where are the control centers in the brain located?
In the medulla and pons

100

Name one factor that affects breathing?
Ingested or inhaled substances,Position of body (posture)Mental, Emotional, Spiritual,Environmental (pollution),and Strength of respiratory muscles

200

What are the six major structures of the Respiratory System?
Nose,Pharynx (Throat),Trachea,Bronchi,Lungs,diaphragm

200

What does it mean to inspire?
diaphragm contracts and increases thoracic space;air flows in

200

What does each bronchi divide into?
bronchial tubes

200

What does the medulla in the brain control?
automatic and voluntary response to respiration

200

Which disease causes damaged airways to narrow?
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)

300

Name at least one thing the thoracic cavity contains
heart,aorta,esophagus,bronchi,thymus

300

What does it mean to expire?
diaphragm relaxes and decreases thoracic space;air flows out

300

What air sac does each bronchial tube connect to?
Alveoli

300

What does the respiratory membrane consist of?
alveolar wall, the capillary wall, and their basement membranes

300

Which disease causes degeneration of alveoli?
Emphysema

400

What does the mouth and nose do for the Respiratory System?
Allows oxygen to enter body and carbon dioxide to leave

400

What does the trachea serve as?
wind pipe or air way

400

What is each Alveoli surrounded by?
a capillary

400

How thin is the respiratory membrane?
less than 0.5 mm

400

Which disease causes bronchial tubes to narrow?
Obstructive lung diseases

500

What is each lung enclosed in?
Pleura

500

What does the trachea divide into?
bronchi

500

What takes place in the Alveoli?
Gaseous exchange

500

simple squamous epithelium which make it easy for the diffusion of?
oxygen

500

Which disease causes incomplete lung expansion and increased lung stiffness
Restrictive lung diseases