Research Discussion
knowledge: categorization
Language: intro
producing language
Language: perception
100

In the article "Writing About Testing Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the Classroom," improvement was seen on Statistics tests.

True/ False

False

100

We categorize by comparing stimuli to the average characteristics of only some category members

True/False

False

100

The English language has 47 Phonemes 

True/False

true 

100

Our ability to understand words depends on word frequency.

True/False

True

100

a phoneme is the smallest segment that, if changed, affects meaning.

True/ False

true 

200

Which topic from class relates to the research discussion ("Writing About Testing Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the Classroom")?

a. implicit learning 

b. working memory 

c. false memory 

d. testing effect


B. working memory

200

We often categorize things based on what?

a. family resemblance 

b. structure 

c. exchanges 

d. length 

a. family resemblance 

200

Which of the following are ways we analyze language?

a. syntax

b. semantics 

c. phonology 

d. all of the above 


d. all of the above 


200

Which type of inference is this an example of: “Jill didn’t study. Jill failed the exam.”

a. Anaphoric

b. Instrumental

c. Causal

C. Causal

200

Which is an example of a perseveration speech error?

A. a silly sistake 

B. the old man the boat

C. to explain clearfully

a. silly sistake 

300

From the findings of the study ("Writing About Test Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the Classroom"), which participants were especially affected by writing about their worries?

The ones with higher test anxiety

300

According to Rosch's hierarchy, which level would hold classical guitars, electric guitars, upright pianos, bass drums all categorized as? 

subordinate level

300

What is the smallest meaningful units of words?

morphemes 

300

What is the benefit receptive vocabulary has over expressive vocabulary

People have a broader receptive than expressive vocabulary

300

Our ability to understand words often depends on what?

context

400

In the research article "Writing About Test Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the Classroom," how did the researchers try to increase participants' anxiety for their experimental test?

Participants were given monetary incentives, peer pressure, and social evaluation

400

What are the three levels of categories, according to Rosch's hierarchy? 

superordinate, basic, and subordinate

400

Which experiment is this?

–Participants’ voices were recorded in the waiting area before the experiment

–During the experiment, they heard their own individual words without context

the waiting room experiment 

400

Describe the results of the syntactic priming experiment.

The participant’s description matched the form of the confederate 78% of the time

400

Explain the difference between semanticity and arbitrariness.

Semanticity is that words are meaningful. Arbitrariness is that words and their meanings have no inherent or predictable relationship. 

500

Explain how you personally could use the findings from "Writing About Test Worries Boosts Exam Performance in the Classroom" to help you in real life.

If you are highly anxious about an exam, you could take a few minutes before the exam to write about your worries.

500

Describe the procedure of the mashed potato experiment

participants were asked to name objects

-two instructional conditions

 -neutral & food context

 -imagine object filled with mashed potatoes


500

Explain the results and conclusion of the cough experiment.

Results: people thought that they had heard a word even though the cough covered it up

Conclusion: context is important for language perception

500

What are four of the five types of speech errors?

-Exchanges (Phoneme, Morpheme and word exchanges)

-Word Substitution

-Perseveration

-Blend

-Spoonerism

500

Explain the difference between competence and performance and how they are related.

Linguistic competence

–The underlying linguistic knowledge that lets people produce and comprehend their language

Linguistic performance

–People’s actual use of the knowledge

Linguistic performance would reflect linguistic competence only under completely ideal conditions

Click to zoom
M
e
n
u