Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
Properties of Minerals (Review)
Challenge
Rockin' out

100

This can cool and harden and form igneous rock.

What is magma or lava?

100

These are little pieces of rocks, pebbles, mineral grains, and shell fragments that eventually form rocks.

What are sediments?

100

The way light reflects off of a mineral.

What is luster?

100

Name the three types of rock groups.

What is Sedimentary, Igneous and Metamorphic?

100

The process of rocks changing from one kind of rock to another kind of rock over long periods of time.

What is the rock cycle?

200

This kind of igneous rock is formed when magma cools beneath the Earth's surface.

What is Intrusive igneous rock?

200

These are two ways that sediments are formed.

What is weathering and erosion?

200

The scale that is used to measure the hardness of minerals

What is Moh's Hardness Scale

200

A fossil is ___________.

What is the imprint of an organism on a rock?

200

Name two ways people use rocks.

What is buildings, walls, roads, jewelry, decoration, countertops?

300

This type of igneous rock forms when lava cools on the Earth's surface.

What is Extrusive igneous rock?

300

These 2 things cause metamorphic rocks to form.

What are heat and pressure?

300

Another way to identify minerals; it leaves the color of the powder behind when rubbed against a rough white tile.

What is streak?

300

A naturally occurring, inorganic solid, that has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure.

What is a mineral?

300

What happens if an igneous rock weathers? What rock does it turn into?

What is sedimentary rock?

400

This type of igneous rock is black with a glassy texture. We looked at it in class.

What is obsidian?

400

For an Igneous rock to become a sedimentary rock, what needs to happen?

What is weathering, erosion, compaction, and cementation?

400

The property that causes a mineral to glow under ultraviolet light

What is flourescent?

400

A hard substance composed of one or more minerals.

What is a rock?

400

The hardest mineral.

What is a diamond?

500

This determines the size of crystals that form in igneous rocks.

What is the cooling rate of the magma or lava?

500

The type of sedimentary rock that can contain fossils.

What is organic sedimentary?

500

You can see this property just by looking at a mineral. Many minerals can be several of these.

What is color?

500

Igneous rock that has fine-grained crystals

What is extrusive igneous rock?

500

The 5 ways to test the properties of a mineral.

What is luster, streak, hardness, color and cleavage or fracture