Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks
Properties of Minerals
Challenge
Rockin' out
100
This can cool and harden and form igneous rock.
What is magma or lava?
100
These are little pieces of rocks, pebbles, mineral grains, and shell fragments that eventually form rocks.
What are sediments?
100
The way light reflects off of a mineral.
What is luster?
100
Name the layers of the Earth.
What is crust, mantle, outer core, and inner core?
100
The process of rocks changing from one kind of rock to another kind of rock over long periods of time.
What is the rock cycle?
200
This kind of igneous rock is formed when magma cools beneath the Earth's surface.
What is Intrusive igneous rock?
200
These are two ways that sediments are formed.
What is weathering and erosion?
200
Vinegar was dropped on the rocks and minerals to test what.
What is the reaction to acid?
200
A fossil is ___________.
What is the imprint of an organism on a rock?
200
Name two ways people use rocks.
What is buildings, walls, roads, jewelry, decoration, countertops?
300
This type of igneous rock forms when lava cools on the Earth's surface.
What is Extrusive igneous rock?
300
These 2 things cause metamorphic rocks to form.
What are heat and pressure?
300
Another way to identify minerals; it leaves the color of the powder behind when rubbed against a rough white tile.
What is streak?
300
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid, that has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure.
What is a mineral?
300
What happens if an igneous rock weathers? What rock does it turn into?
What is sedimentary rock?
400
This type of igneous rock is black with a glassy texture. We looked at it in class.
What is obsidian?
400
For an Igneous rock to become a sedimentary rock, what needs to happen?
What is erosion, burial, and sediments?
400
The measure of how difficult it is for a mineral to be scratched.
What is Hardness
400
A hard substance composed of one or more minerals.
What is a rock?
400
The hardest mineral.
What is a diamond?
500
This determines the size of crystals that form in igneous rocks.
What is the cooling rate of the magma or lava?
500
Give an example of what sedimentary rocks are used for.
What is concrete, buildings, sidewalks, roads, bricks?
500
You can see this property just by looking at a mineral. Many minerals can be several of these.
What is color?
500
Describe what will happen after many years to sand and other sediment that has blown or washed to the ocean floor.
What is sediment will build up, compress together in layers and form larger rocks?
500
The 5 properties of minerals that we discussed in class.
What is luster, streak, hardness, color and reaction to acid?
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