Classifying Minerals
Classifying Rocks
Weathering and Erosion
Earth's Surface Changing
Earth's Water

100

Every mineral of the same type is the same color.

True or False?

False

100

Name the 3 types of rocks

sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic

100

___________ is the process by which Earth's crust is slowly broken into smaller pieces.

Weathering

100

Name 2 things than can rapidly change Earth's surface

earthquakes, droughts, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, landslides, 

100

Where is most of Earth's fresh water?

glaciers

200

When a mineral breaks into smooth flat surfaces, it is called______.

A. streak                C. Hardness

B. Cleavage .         D. Luster

B. Cleavage

200

Large crystals are formed in an igneous rock when it cools _______.

slowly.

200

_______ is the process of carrying away weathered bits of rocks

Erosion

200

How does a volcano rapidly change Earth's surface?

It kills all the grass and plants, leaves lava behind.

200

Is most of Earth's water ready to drink? Explain your answer.

No, most of Earth's water needs to be cleaned before we can drink it

300

Name 2 tests you can perform to classify a mineral

luster, hardness, streak, taste, smell, color, cleavage, 

300

Which kind of rock is formed when a rock changes?

metamorphic

300

Plants and animals can cause weathering.

True or False? Explain.

True. animals and plants give off chemicals that can cause weathering.

300

What does a drought to the Earth's surface?

Dries everything up, plants die

300

Name 2 places fresh water is found.

rivers, lakes, ponds, glaciers, ice caps, atmosphere, underground

400

What is a natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks?

minerals

400

What type of rock is made of layers?

sedimentary

400

Give an example of a landform.

mountains, hills, rivers, streams, lakes, 

400

Where does an earthquake start?

A. Fault

B. Epicenter

C. Focus

C. focus

400

Name 2 places salt water is

some lakes and ponds, oceans, seas

500

The Mohs scale tests what?

hardness

500

Igneous rocks are formed from what?

magma/lava

500

What are the 2 kinds of weathering?

chemical and physical

500

Where do earthquakes occur?

Along a _______.

fault

500

Name 2 things that needs to be taken out of water before it can be drank?

Germs, chemicals, dirt