Chapter 5
Geology
Minerals & Rocks/Geology
Weather
Seas

100

This australopithecine was known as the "upright man".

What is Homo erectus?

100

This is the study of the earth.

What is geology?

100

This metal is more valuable than gold or silver.

What is platinum?

100

These types of mountains form when two rock layers are pushed violently together, causing the layers to buckle.

What is folded?

100

One of the huge, muddy valleys that cut through portions of the abyssal plain.

What is trench?

200

The sudden appearance of life in the fossil record

What is Cambrian explosion?


200

This is the most abundant element in the earth's crust.


What is Oxygen?


200

This is the red variety of corundum.

What is a ruby?

200

This is the point on the earth's surface directly above an earthquake's focus.



What is the epicenter?

200

This is an underwater mountain.

What is a seamount?

300

The false belief that all geological processes have always proceeded at the same rate.

What is uniformitarianism?

300

A mineral test that leaves a line of powder on a plate.

What is streak?

300

Emerald and aquamarine are two forms of this mineral.

What is beryl?

300

This is the winding, looping curve in a river on flat ground.

What is meander?

300

This is a large fissure in the continental shelf.

What is submarine canyon?

400

One idea that attempts to reconcile the Bible and evolution.

What is theistic evolution?

400

This type of fold occurs when rocks buckle upward.

What is anticline?

400

This type of mountain is formed when molted rock collects beneath an overlying rock layer, forcing the layer upward into a blisterlike structure.

What is domed?

400

These regions of the earth's surface are where limestone is exposed and abundant.

What is karst?

400

This is a huge level region of the deep ocean floor

What is abyssal plain?

500

This hypothetical time scale supposedly charts both the earth's history and the sequence of the rock layers in the earth's crust.

What is geologic column?

500

The large almond- or teardrop-shaped pieces of ejecta formed when lava solidifies.

What volcanic bomb?

500

This theory states that the earth's crust and upper mantle consist of huge plates slowly drifting as a result of convection currents in the mantle. 

What is plate tectonics?

500

A low hill formed when a glacier overruns a moraine. 

What is a drumline?

500

Oceanographers collect water samples from the ocean depths using these bottles.

What are Niskins?