Pathophysiology
Treatment
Pain
Prevention
Complications

100

They become an abnormal crescent shape
What are red blood cells

100

Given to treat nausea
What is an anti-emetic

100

Medication used to reduce inflammation and mild pain
What is NSAID (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug)

100

Decreases the risk of bone marrow aplasia
What is folic acid

100

Painful swelling in hands and feet
What is dactylitis

200

The type of abnormal Hemoglobin seen with sickle cell
What is Hgb S

200

Given to relieve itching associated with narcotic use
What is an antihistamine

200

Used to rate pain level in infants, toddlers & nonverbal children
What is FLACC scale

200

Age a child may stop Penicillin VK
What is 5 years

200

When sickle cells block flow to the brain
What is a stroke

300

Population with the greatest incidence of sickle cell
What is African American

300

Measures oxygen saturation
What is pulse oximetry

300

Type that is the result of nerve damage
What is neuropathic

300

Done for those with low oxygen saturation or frequent acute chest occurences
What are pulmonary function tests

300

Removes iron from the blood
What is chelation therapy

400

Most common manifestation of sickle cell
What is pain

400

D5 1/2 NS + 20 mEq KCl/L
What are IV hydration fluids

400

Examples of this type of pain include arthritis, avascular necrosis & leg ulcers
What is chronic pain

400

Prevents pneumococcal sepsis in children
What is Penicillin VK

400

A new infiltrate in the lung caused by infection
What is acute chest syndrome

500

When the sickle cells block blood flow in the vessels
What is vaso-occlusive episode

500

Route that produces fear, anxiety & unpredictable absorption
What is IM (intramuscular)

500

A nonopioid such as Ibuprofen & an opioid such as Morphine or Dilaudid is used to treat this type of pain
What is severe pain

500

Increases fetal & total Hgb levels
What is hydroxyurea

500

Signs & symptoms include pale lips, weakness, tachypnea, left abdominal pain & tachycardia
What is splenic sequestration