Pathophysiology Treatment Pain Prevention Complications

100

What are red blood cells
They become an abnormal crescent shape

100

What is an anti-emetic
Given to treat nausea

100

What is NSAID (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug)
Medication used to reduce inflammation and mild pain

100

What is folic acid
Decreases the risk of bone marrow aplasia

100

What is dactylitis
Painful swelling in hands and feet

200

What is Hgb S
The type of abnormal Hemoglobin seen with sickle cell

200

What is an antihistamine
Given to relieve itching associated with narcotic use

200

What is FLACC scale
Used to rate pain level in infants, toddlers & nonverbal children

200

What is 5 years
Age a child may stop Penicillin VK

200

What is a stroke
When sickle cells block flow to the brain

300

What is African American
Population with the greatest incidence of sickle cell

300

What is pulse oximetry
Measures oxygen saturation

300

What is neuropathic
Type that is the result of nerve damage

300

What are pulmonary function tests
Done for those with low oxygen saturation or frequent acute chest occurences

300

What is chelation therapy
Removes iron from the blood

400

What is pain
Most common manifestation of sickle cell

400

What are IV hydration fluids
D5 1/2 NS + 20 mEq KCl/L

400

What is chronic pain
Examples of this type of pain include arthritis, avascular necrosis & leg ulcers

400

What is Penicillin VK
Prevents pneumococcal sepsis in children

400

What is acute chest syndrome
A new infiltrate in the lung caused by infection

500

What is vaso-occlusive episode
When the sickle cells block blood flow in the vessels

500

What is IM (intramuscular)
Route that produces fear, anxiety & unpredictable absorption

500

What is severe pain
A nonopioid such as Ibuprofen & an opioid such as Morphine or Dilaudid is used to treat this type of pain

500

What is hydroxyurea
Increases fetal & total Hgb levels

500

What is splenic sequestration
Signs & symptoms include pale lips, weakness, tachypnea, left abdominal pain & tachycardia

Sickle cell in the Pediatric Patient

Press F11 for full-screen mode

Edit | Download | Share

Correct Response      Continue