Responsibilities of Sound Crew
Parts of a Sound System
Mixer and Signals
Connectors and Troubleshooting

Who is the sound master?


This is the nerve center of the sound system. It connects live sources, playback sources, and direct inputs.

What is the mixer?

These are the two types of microphones, based on how the diaphragm produces sound.
What are dynamic mics and condenser mics?
Sound frequencies are measured in this.
What are hertz?
These type of connectors are used for mic and line level audio. They are the most common connectors in the theatre.
What are XLR connectors?
This is when you make something louder so it can be heard, like an actor singing over an orchestra.
What is sound reinforcement?
This is the combination of all our sources in the right proportion.
What is the mix or sound mix?
This is when you put more sound than a microphone is designed to take into a device.
What is overdriving?
This button prevents any sound in a channel from getting to the speakers.
What is the mute?
This is the easiest solution to fixing a radio station coming though the sound system.
What is add an extra 25 feet mic cable to get rid of the channel?
The second time you read the play, you should take notes on these, including cue line, how loud, how long, and what they sound like.
What are sound effects?
This boosts the signal from the mixer to a voltage high enough to drive speakers. It is often considered the backbone of a system.
What is the power amplifier?
A mic's ability to pickup, or reject sound from any given direction is called this.
What is the pickup pattern?
This control allows you to send the signal to the left or right speakers, creating the illusion of the sound moving from one side to the other.
What is the pan control?
This is how you tell if a channel is overdriving on the mixer board.
What is the meters are burning solidly in the red?
If the director and stage manager do all the preliminary work, these are the two responsibilities of the sound master.
What are setting up the sound system and running the show?
This is the differences between a monitor and a speaker.
What is a monitor is meant to reproduce the most accurate reproduction of the original source while a speaker is designed to produce a pleasing sound to the human ear?
These are the three different types of microphones patterns used in theatre.
What are cardioid, omnidirectional, and unidirectional?
This area of the mixer allows you to control the volume of each channel and usually includes the mute button.
What is the fader?
This is the most common solutions for getting rid of feedback.
What is pull down the fader?
During a special meeting with the stage manager, you will set up these with the proper letters to know the sequence and length of cues.
What are cue sheets or sound plots?
These are the three types of things we want to make louder through the sound system so the audience can hear it. They can come from microphones, CD, or already have an electric output.
What are live source, playback source, and direct input?
List the three types of microphones, their most common applications, and the most common pattern used for the type.
What are: 1. handheld/stick mics - bands, news, assemblies - cardioid or unidirectional 2. lavalier (lav) mics - theatre, talk shows - omnidirectional 3. boundary mics - theatre for picking up the ensemble - cardioid
This control helps make everything even coming into the mixer board.
What is the gain?
This is the difference between a 1/4" connector and a 1/4" TRS connector
What is the TRS has three connections at the tip, ring, and sleeve but the 1/4" doesn't have a ring?
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