Land
Water
Climate and Soil
Natural Resources
Potpourri

100

The vast desert and plateau that includes Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Yemen, and United Arab Emirates

What is the Arabian Peninsula?

100

The world's longest river, flowing 4,160 miles northward from east central Africa into the Mediterranean Sea

What is the Nile River?

100

The great, desolate expanse across north Africa that separates the Mediterranean Arab countries from the rest of Africa

What is the Sahara Desert?

100

The resource that is in short supply but is greatly needed for development of agricultural lands

What is water?

100

The waterway at the western end of the Mediterranean Sea that separates Morocco from Spain by only 9 miles

What is the Strait of Gibraltar?

200

A fertile spot in a desert fed by an underground spring

What is an Oasis?

200

The long body of water between Saudi Arabia and northeast Africa

What is the Red Sea?

200

The climate type of much of this region, where long, very hot summers force people to live along seacoasts and in river and mountain valleys

What is the desert?

200

The area's most important resource, with the fields surrounding the Persian Gulf being the most productive in the world

What is oil?

200

The dam built across the Nile River as part of a huge irrigation project, which has greatly increased Egyptian agricultural production

What is the Aswan High Dam?

300

A series of roughly parallel ranges located on the Mediterranean coasts of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia

What are the Atlas Mountains?

300

An arm of the Arabian Sea, lying between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula

What is the Persian Gulf?

300

The term for the climate of the Atlas coast and parts of Turkey, Syria, Israel, and Lebanon that permits the raising of many fruits and vegetables

What is the Mediterranean?

300

An expensive fuel generally found near oil in most of these countries, especially in Algeria and Iran

What is natural gas?

300

The salt lake on the border of Israel and Jordan whose surface lies 1,299 feet below sea level

What is the Dead Sea?

400

The small peninsula between the Mediterranean and Red Seas, belonging to Egypt, but part of the Asian continent

What is the Sinai Peninsula?

400

The two rivers that rise in Turkey and flow through Iraq into the Persian Gulf, forming a wide plain

What are the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?

400

The flooding river whose narrow banks of rich silt deposits support most of Egypt's agriculture

What is the Nile River?

400

The two essential minerals, needed for large-scale industrial production, that are lacking in this region

What are iron and coal?

400

The engineered waterway that separates Africa from Asia and connects the Mediterranean and Red Seas

What is the Suez Canal?

500

A very high range of snow-capped mountains that covers three fourths of Afghanistan

What is the Hindu Kush?

500

The waterway that separates Turkey in Europe from Turkey in Asia and connects the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean Sea

What is Dardanelles?

500

The name for the rich soil region that curves through the Iraqi plains, where several ancient civilizations developed

What is the Fertile Crescent (or Mesopotamia)?

500

The bark of trees grown in Morocco and Algeria that is valuable for its buoyancy, resistance to liquids, and soundproofing

What is cork?

500

A poor Islamic nation in northwest Africa that is being devastated by the hot winds of the Sahara Desert

What is Mauritania?