Spain-Key Terms
France-Key Terms
Key People
Key Ideas #1
Key Ideas #2
Key Ideas #3

100

Forts around a mission 

Presidio 

100

Waterway through Canada to Asia 

Northwest Passage 

100

Founded Quebec in 1608

Samuel de Champlain

100

What were the 2 precious resources that Spain obtained in the New World?

Gold and Silver 

100

Who is at the bottom of the Casta System?

Pure blooded Native Americans and African slaves 

100

What was France's motive for colonization in the first place?


Money and to keep pace with Spain 

200

Someone appointed by the king of Spain to run the colonia viceroyalties 

Viceroy 

200

Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain

Quebec 

200

Attempted to find the Northwest Passage, unsuccessfully 

Jacques Cartier 

200

Who is at the top of the Casta System?

Spaniards/Creoles 

Peninsulares/Creoles

200

What colony dd Robert de La Salle found?

Louisiana and New Orleans 

200

What was the River La Salle traveled down to get to Louisiana?

Mississippi

300

Catholic friars who were sent to colonies to convert natives to Christianity 

Missionaries 

300

Spanish and French are descended from what language 

Latin 

300

Explored Florida and the modern SE US died in 1542 due to disease 

Hernando de Soto 

300

What event led to severe religious turmoil in Europe in 1517?

Protestant Reformation?

300

What were encomiendas?

Large scale plantations operated via slave labor

300

What was the main function of Louisiana 

military base

400

Mixed children from Spanish Men and Native American women 

Mestizos

400

Mixed children from French and Native Americans 

Metis 

400

Founded Louisiana and New Orleans 

Robert de La Salle 

400

Where did Hernando de Soto explore for Spain?

Florida 

Southeastern US 

400

What is a metis?

mixed children from French and Native American marriages 

400

What Native American group did the French not become codependent on?

Iroquois 

500

Complex system of social hierarchy in the Spain's colonies 

Casta System 

500

French men who adopted Native American Culture 

Coureur de bois

500

Led the Short lived but successful revolt against the Spanish 

Pope

500

Who had a short lived, successful revolt against the Spanish (2 groups)? 

Pueblos and Apaches 

500

Who did the Spanish viceroys only answer to?

King of Spain?

500

What was France looking for initially, but what did the find instead?

Gold and Silver, Beaver Fur