Colonization
Important People
New France
Vocabulary
100

The main resource that Europeans valued in Canada

What is Fur?

100

The leader of the Haudenosaunee who met Cartier.

Who was Donnaconna?

100

Women sent to New France by the king to marry and help grow the population of New France by having families. They were known as the "king's daughters."

Who were Les Filles du Roi? 

100

Colony

What is a territory of land that is controlled by another country?

200

The main reason for European countries to compete for colonies

What is to gain power and wealth?

200

The "runners of the woods" who worked in the early French fur trade and lived among the First Nations.

Who were the Coureur de bois?

200

The name of the French settlement that was later moved to the St. Lawrence River.

What is Quebec?

200

Imperialism

What is a system where countries extend their control over other nations?

300

This European country was the first to have a lasting impact on the identity of Canada.

What is France?

300

The French explorer who claimed the Gaspe Peninsula for the King of France in 1534

Who was Jacques Cartier?

300

The first Intendant of New France.

Who was Jean Talon?

300

Trade monopoly

What is when only one company or group is allowed to sell or trade a product in a certain area?

400

How society was structured in the colonies of New France and Acadia.

What is a society based on the seigneurial system, with seigneurs renting land to habitants who were farmers, and an economy relying on the fur trade and agriculture?

400

The map-maker and explorer who set up a colony in North America. He made an alliance with the Wendat peoples and fought with them against the Haudenosaunee. He is known as the "Founder of New France."

Who is Samuel de Champlain?

400

Port Royal on the Bay of Fundy, which is now in Nova Scotia.

What is the first French settlement in North America?

400

Habitants

Who are Francophone (French-speaking) farmers of New France?

500

The role the Catholic Church played in New France.

What is holding religious services, taught school, ran hospitals, and cared for the poor.

500

An order of missionaries who came to North America to convert First Nations peoples to the Catholic religion

Who were the Jesuits?

500

The population of New France after 14 years of settlement.

Was is 10'000 people?

500

The Seigneurial system

What is the name of the system in which the king gave large tracts of land along the St. Lawrence River to nobles, who rented the land to farmers in return for a portion of their crops or rental fees?

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