Vocabulary
Matter and Energy in Plants
Food Webs
Basic Needs
Challenge

100

What is a producer?

A producer is an organism that can make it's own food through the process of photosynthesis

100

What is the main source of energy for all organisms?

The sun!

100

Every food web has what two things?

Producer and Consumer

100

What is the one thing most plants use but they really don't need?

Soil

100

In what direction does energy flow through a food chain or food web?

It flows in ONE direction!

200

What is a microbe

A tiny, microscopic life form

200

Name two of the three things needed to conduct photosynthesis

Water, Sunlight, Carbon Dioxide

200

What do the arrows in a food web represent?

The flow of energy from one organism to another. 

200

Do basic needs differ from environment to environment? True or False

True! A squirrel can't meet its basic needs in the ocean!

200

What is the name for an organism that hunts down other organisms?

Predator

300

What is waste matter?

Anything deemed useless or unwanted. Example: trash, dead animals, dead plants

300

What is the end result of photosynthesis? (there are two answers you need both!)

Oxygen and Glucose

300

Describe the flow of energy in one of the food chains below. Use key vocabulary to describe the movement.


Answers will vary

300

What does interdependent mean in relation to ecosystems?

It means that organisms depend on one another for survival.


300

DAILY DOUBLE

What are nitrogen compounds?

Nitrogen compounds are like super energy. They can only be found in soil and water. They can not be found in the air. 

400

What is the definition for environment

All living and non-living things surrounding an organism.

400

What is a consumer and give an example.

A consumer is an organism that gets its energy by eating or consuming another organism. Examples will vary.

400

Every food chain or food web moves from the 

sun --> _______----> __________----> _________

then the cycle continues

producer, consumer, decomposer

400

What are the four basic needs of an animal?

food, water, shelter, air

400

What is an energy pyramid big at the bottom and smaller at the top?

Producers contain the most energy because they make their own food. Organisms that eat producers, use their food energy and release it as heat energy, therefore converting energy to something else. 


500

What is the definition for an ecosystem?

All living and non-living things and their interactions in an area.

500

What is the green substance in plants that assists with photosynthesis?

Chlorophyll or Chloroplasts

500

DAILY DOUBLE

What is the difference between a primary consumer and a secondary consumer?

Primary consumer is a herbivore

Secondary consumer is an omnivore or carnivore

500

What do 5 things do plants need to survive?

air

water

light

space

nutrients 

500

What is the difference between hydroponics and aquaponics?

Hydroponics: plants grow with just water and air

Aquaponics: plants use nutrient rich water, aquatic organisms live in the water, their waste is used to make the water nutritious