Big Names
SLA Terminology
Classroom Terminology
Perspectives
Settings
100

This person proposed the five-point hypothesis including the acquisition-learning hypothesis, the monitor hypothesis, the natural order hypothesis, the comprehensible input hypothesis, and the affective filter hypothesis.  

Who is Stephen Krashen

100

A word in one language that comes from the same origin as a word in another language

What is a cognate

100

The ability to use language in a variety of settings, taking into account relationships between speakers and differences in situations.

What is communicative competence

100

This theory explains learning in terms of imitation, practice, reinforcement, and habit formation.

What is the behaviorist perspective  

100

This setting attempts to explain why it often seems that some things can be taught successfully whereas other things seem to remain unacquired.  

What is teach what is teachable

200

This person is one of the most influential figures in linguistics and who proposed the notion of Universal Grammar (UG).

Who is Noam Chomsky

200

A collection of oral or written samples of language that can be accessed and explored on a computer.  

What is corpus

200

A way of supporting learners so that they can build their skills and achieve success.  

What is scaffolding

200

This is the theoretical perspective based on the hypothesis that humans are born with mental structures that are designed specifically for the acquisition of learning.  

What is the Innatist Perspective

200

This setting includes such approaches as the grammar-translation and audio-lingual approaches 

What is 'Get it Right from the Beginning'

300

This person's research and contributions have focused on studies of motivation and willingness to learn.

Who is Zoltán Dörnyei 

300

This term is used to describe a persistent lack of change in interlanguage patterns; where errors are not easily changed

What is fossilization

300

Words that are used mainly as linking or supporting words for nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.  

What are function words

300

This perspective is concerned with “mental” functions such as memory, perception, attention, etc. It views people as being similar to computers in the way we process information.

What is the cognitive perspective

300

This setting combines both content and language learning into one.  

What is Get Two for One

400

This person advocated that language develops primarily from social interaction, and within a supportive interactive environment that aims to work within the zone of proximal development.  

Who is Lev Vygotsky

400

Aspects of language that go beyond vocabulary and grammar to include rules of how to use language in different contexts and with different speakers.  

What is pragmatics

400

A question to which the asker already knows the answer.  The idea is to get the learner to display his or her knowledge of the language.  

What is a display question.

400

This perspective is used to describe awareness of circumstances surrounding individuals and how their behaviors are affected specifically by their surroundings (Learn by talking)

What is the socio-cultural perspective

400

This setting is based on the hypothesis that language acquisition takes place when learners are exposed to comprehensible input through listening and/or reading

What is Just listen ... and Read

500

This person's hypothesis explains the change from linguistic input into intake and is considered a form of conscious processing. 

Who is Richard Schmidt

500

To repeat a learner's incorrect utterance, making changes that convert it to a correct phrase or sentence.  

What is a recast

500

A term used to refer to the language that a learner can understand

What is comprehensible input

500

This is the Wining square - no question but points awarded

500

This setting emphasizes the importance of access to both comprehensible input and conversational interactions with teachers and other students.  

What is Let's talk

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