Types of Text Structures Signal Words Definitions Examples Misc.

100

What is writing
Text structures show how ____________ is organized?

100

What is Sequence
Text Structure with words such as first, then, next, and finally

100

What is Chronological?
Information is organized in order of time

100

What is spacial
What text structure is the following writing? When you look at my house, you will notice the big cherry tree in the front yard. Under the think branches and shade of the leaves, you will find the lantana which are small buds of pink, purple, and yellow blooms. The yard is flat with the smell of jasmine blowing from the front trellis. The front swing jingles as it sways slightly from the breeze.

100

What is Chronological
What text structure is the following writing? In 1992, my sister married the man she thought was her dreams. He was her high school sweetheart and they were best friends. In 2002 she had her first baby, a boy, and became a mother. She quit her job and stayed home to take care of her child. In 2004, she had a little girl. By the time 2010 came around, my sister had four children and was a stay-at home mom.

200

What is chronological
This text structure is most likely to use a timeline?

200

What is Problem and Solution
Text Structure with words such as happened, then, a solution is...

200

What is Compare and Contrast
Differences and Similarities of two or more things are discussed

200

What is compare and contrast
What text structure is the following writing? Icecream is a delicious treat. Two of my favorite toppings are sprinkles and hot fudge. Though both of these are delicious alone on icecream, they taste great together. I love having only sprinkles because I can mix the sprinkles into the icecream. Eventhough hot fudge is the number one choice in toppings, I prefer sprinkles.

200

What is sequence
What text structure is the following writing? When you tie your shoes, you start with the laces out. Then you fold one lace over the other. You take the top lace and fold it under and over the bottom lace. Once you tighten the two laces you swoop one lace over your fingers, loop the other lace around and pull the laces apart. You should have a strong tie for your shoe laces.

300

What is Compare & Contrast
This text structure is most likely to use a venn diagram or T-Chart?

300

What is cause and effect
This text structure uses words such as result, causes, consequently, because

300

What is Sequence
Instructions or Directions are given in order of steps

300

What is problem and solution
What text structure is the following writing? There are many reasons as to why water is polluted. One solution to eliminate water pollution is to fine large companies that dump hazardous waste into the water. Another solution to end water pollution is to build large fenses along the banks of rivers to ensure people do not dump trash and debris in the water. Though some solutions are costly, we must prevent water pollution.

300

What is sequence
Which text structure best uses a flow chart?

400

What is cause in cause and effect.
When you answer the "why did it happen?" you are giving the ___________________ in the cause and effect text structure.

400

What is Argument and Support
This text structure uses words such as expert opinions state, I think, they claim, one can argue

400

What is Problem and Solution
A difficulty is described and an answer is offered

400

What is cause and effect
What text structure is the following writing? Wars are harmful and violent. Wars cause a decrease in population due to deaths. Wars also cause a strain on governments because people become injured and are unable to work. Wars also create a decrease in food surplus because people are fighting instead of working on farms and in factories. Many times, young children have to stay at home or work to help pay bills, so they lose their education. Wars are devestating to populations.

400

What is Spacial
What text structure gives locations of objects in a specific place?

500

What is to persuade the reader
When you write an argument, what is your purpose for writing?

500

What is compare and contrast
This text structure uses words such as also, in the same way, both, too, on the other hand, yet, but

500

What is Cause and Effect
An action and results are discussed

500

What is argument and support
What text structure is the following writing? When I think of all the time spent in school, it is frustrating. I think the school day should only be 4 hours long. In Japan, who has the highest educational record according to the world organization, they only go to school for four and a half hours. Each school day should only consist of the main subject areas. This would save the government 40% because they would not need as many teachers. I think our school day in America is too long.

500

What is main idea and supporting details
Which text feature is used to inform a reader about a topic?

Text Structures Review

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