Types of Text Structures
Signal Words
Definitions
Examples
Misc.

100

Text structures show how ____________ is organized?
What is writing

100

Text Structure with words such as first, then, next, and finally
What is Sequence

100

Information is organized in order of time
What is Chronological?

100

What text structure is the following writing? When you look at my house, you will notice the big cherry tree in the front yard. Under the think branches and shade of the leaves, you will find the lantana which are small buds of pink, purple, and yellow blooms. The yard is flat with the smell of jasmine blowing from the front trellis. The front swing jingles as it sways slightly from the breeze.
What is spacial

100

What text structure is the following writing? In 1992, my sister married the man she thought was her dreams. He was her high school sweetheart and they were best friends. In 2002 she had her first baby, a boy, and became a mother. She quit her job and stayed home to take care of her child. In 2004, she had a little girl. By the time 2010 came around, my sister had four children and was a stay-at home mom.
What is Chronological

200

This text structure is most likely to use a timeline?
What is chronological

200

Text Structure with words such as happened, then, a solution is...
What is Problem and Solution

200

Differences and Similarities of two or more things are discussed
What is Compare and Contrast

200

What text structure is the following writing? Icecream is a delicious treat. Two of my favorite toppings are sprinkles and hot fudge. Though both of these are delicious alone on icecream, they taste great together. I love having only sprinkles because I can mix the sprinkles into the icecream. Eventhough hot fudge is the number one choice in toppings, I prefer sprinkles.
What is compare and contrast

200

What text structure is the following writing? When you tie your shoes, you start with the laces out. Then you fold one lace over the other. You take the top lace and fold it under and over the bottom lace. Once you tighten the two laces you swoop one lace over your fingers, loop the other lace around and pull the laces apart. You should have a strong tie for your shoe laces.
What is sequence

300

This text structure is most likely to use a venn diagram or T-Chart?
What is Compare & Contrast

300

This text structure uses words such as result, causes, consequently, because
What is cause and effect

300

Instructions or Directions are given in order of steps
What is Sequence

300

What text structure is the following writing? There are many reasons as to why water is polluted. One solution to eliminate water pollution is to fine large companies that dump hazardous waste into the water. Another solution to end water pollution is to build large fenses along the banks of rivers to ensure people do not dump trash and debris in the water. Though some solutions are costly, we must prevent water pollution.
What is problem and solution

300

Which text structure best uses a flow chart?
What is sequence

400

When you answer the "why did it happen?" you are giving the ___________________ in the cause and effect text structure.
What is cause in cause and effect.

400

This text structure uses words such as expert opinions state, I think, they claim, one can argue
What is Argument and Support

400

A difficulty is described and an answer is offered
What is Problem and Solution

400

What text structure is the following writing? Wars are harmful and violent. Wars cause a decrease in population due to deaths. Wars also cause a strain on governments because people become injured and are unable to work. Wars also create a decrease in food surplus because people are fighting instead of working on farms and in factories. Many times, young children have to stay at home or work to help pay bills, so they lose their education. Wars are devestating to populations.
What is cause and effect

400

What text structure gives locations of objects in a specific place?
What is Spacial

500

When you write an argument, what is your purpose for writing?
What is to persuade the reader

500

This text structure uses words such as also, in the same way, both, too, on the other hand, yet, but
What is compare and contrast

500

An action and results are discussed
What is Cause and Effect

500

What text structure is the following writing? When I think of all the time spent in school, it is frustrating. I think the school day should only be 4 hours long. In Japan, who has the highest educational record according to the world organization, they only go to school for four and a half hours. Each school day should only consist of the main subject areas. This would save the government 40% because they would not need as many teachers. I think our school day in America is too long.
What is argument and support

500

Which text feature is used to inform a reader about a topic?
What is main idea and supporting details