Figurative Language
Schemes
Tropes
Elements of Argument
Grammatical Terms
100

When something is something else. Example: The office is a bee-hive of activity on Mondays

Metaphor

100

Arrangement in order of increasing importance

Climax

100

When something is like something else

Simile

100

The position being taken in the argument

Claim

100

A word that describes a noun or pronoun.

Adjective

200

Personification

Giving human like qualities to inanimate objects

200

What is a scheme

Figures of speech that deal with word order, syntax, letters, and sounds, rather than the meaning of words.

200

Using contradiction in a manner that oddly makes sense.

Oxymoron

200

What does ICE stand for. 

Introduce, Cite, and Explain

200
Adverb

A word that modifies or qualifies a verb. Answers the questions How? When? Where? Why?

300

What is figurative language

A type of language that does not use a words strict or realistic meaning

300

Parallelism 

The writer establishes similar patterns of grammatical structure and length

300

Tropes

Tropes are figures of speech with an unexpected twist in the meaning of words.

300

Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

Logos appeals to the audience's reason. Ethos appeals to the speaker's status or authority. Pathos appeals to the emotions.

300

The -ing form of a verb that functions as a noun

Gerund

400

What type of figurative language uses questions

Rhetorial questions

400

Using many conjuctions to create an effect of speed or simplicity.

Asyndeton

400

Synecdoche

Using a part of a physical object to represent the whole object

400

The assumption on which the claim and the evidence depend.

Warrant


400

Clause

A group of related words containing a subject and a verb that may or may not be a complete thought

500

Allusion

A reference to a well-known person, character, place, or event that a writer makes to deepen the reader's understanding of their work

500
Why do writers use schemes and tropes?

Changes in standard word order or pattern.

500

Asking a rhetorical question to the reader as a transition or as a thought provoking tool before proceeding.

Erotema

500

It's what you expect or think you know before you know

Assumption

500

A phrase that modifies the entire sentence.

Absolute Phrase

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