Jacksonian Democracy
Jackson's Administration
MORE Jackson's Administration
Indian Removal
Key People

100

What was the social situation of the US before Jacksonian Democracy?
Power was in the hands of a few wealthy individuals.

100

How did President Andrew Jackson react to VP John C. Calhoun's views on nullification?
Openly disagreed with Calhoun and watched as Calhoun resigned.

100

What did the Seminole Indians do after signing a treaty in 1832 in which they agreed to leave Florida within three years?
Ignored the treaty and resisted removal with force.

100

Who led the Seminole against US troops?
Osceola

200

Who did the Kitchen Cabinet refer to?
A group of President Jackson's advisors who sometimes met in the White House kitchen.

200

Though the economic policies adopted by President Jackson before the Panic of 1837 did not fix the country's economic problems, they did ________________________________.
lower the national debt

200

The nullification crisis was a dispute over whether the states had what right?
The right to reject a federal law as unconstitutional.

200

What was the Trail of Tears?
The forced march to Indian Territory taken by the Cherokee.

200

Who was Harvard-educated and the son of the second US-president?
John Quincy Adams

300

What is the spoils system?
The practice of rewarding loyal supporters with government jobs.

300

Why did Northerners support tariffs in the early 1800s?
Tariffs helped them compete with British manufacturers.

300

Who advanced states' rights doctrine?
John C. Calhoun

300

What was Indian Territory?
US land in present-day Oklahoma

300

Who developed a written language for the Cherokee in 1828?
Sequoya

400

Who was one of Andrew Jackson's strongest allies in his official cabinet?
Martin Van Buren

400

Martin Van Buren's success in the presidential election of 1837 can be attributed to the ________________________.
Inability of the opposing party to decide on one candidate.

400

What was the court decision that ruled that the national bank was constitutional?
McCulloch v. Maryland

400

What court ruling said that only the federal government, not the state governments, had authority over Native Americans?
Worcester v. Georgia

400

Who was the Native American leader who decided to fight US officials rather than leave Illinois?
Black Hawk

500

What are the historians referring to when they use the term "Jacksonian Democracy"?
The term for the period of expanding democracy during the 1820s and 1830s. Jacksonian Democracy included such reforms as public nominating conventions and changes in the qualifications needed to vote.

500

What effect did the Tariff of Abominations have on sectional differences in America?
Ill feelings between northerners and southerners grew because of the tariff - the North wanted the tariff while the South did not – in fact, angry southerners named the tariff on woolen goods the “tariff of abominations,” to show how much they hated it.

500

What were John C. Calhoun's views on the Tariff of Abominations?
John C. Calhoun was from the South and he joined Southerners in protesting against the Tariff of Abominations – he stated that the tariff went against states' rights doctrine – he also said the federal govt should not favor one region over another – most importantly, he said states had the right to reject or nullify any federal law they thought was unfair – issue was called the nullification crisis.

500

What did the Indian Removal Act authorize?
It authorized moving American Indians living east of the Mississippi River to lands in the West.

500

Who argued that the US was one nation, not a pact among independent states?
Daniel Webster