Hoover vs. FDR Alphabet Soup Are you hungry for more soup? Causes & Affects of the Great Depression Potpourri

100

FDR
This president is famous for his fireside chats and the line "we have nothing to fear but fear itself".

100

FDIC - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
This federal act insured bank deposits to help restore confidence in the banking system

100

NRA - National Recovery Act
This enforced codes that regulated wages, prices, and working conditions

100

unemployment
The rise in this among American workers was major result of the Great Depression.

100

Hoovervilles
This was the term for shantytowns made of cardboard boxes which housed many of the people affected by the Great Depression

200

President Hoover
This man was the president during the market crash of 1929.

200

CCC - Civilian Conservation Corps
Provided jobs for young men to plant trees, build bridges and parks, and set up flood-control projects

200

PWA - Public Works Administration
This built ports, schools, and aircraft carriers

200

credit
During the Roaring Twenties Americans first started using this to buy luxury items.

200

Dust Bowl
Farmers were most affected by this event during the Great Depression which blew up dirt and created huge dust storms in the great plains states.

300

FDR
This president felt that the government needed to be more involved in the lives and business of the citizens - a "new deal" from the way it was.

300

TVA - Tennessee Valley Authority
This built dams to provide cheap electric power to seven southern states; set up schools and health centers

300

REA - Rural Electrification Administration
This loaned money to extend electricity to rural areas

300

Overspeculation
------ on stock prices and buying stocks on the margin (buyers paying only part of the cost of the stock when they make the purchase) using borrowed money that could not be repaid when the stock market crashed in 1929 and stock prices collapsed

300

Relief, Recovery, & Reform
These 3 "R"s were promised by FDR, each New Deal Agency focused on one of these promises.

400

Eleanor Roosevelt
This woman became a symbol of social justice as she was FDR's eyes and ears

400

FERA - Federal Emergency Relief Act?
This gave relief to the unemployed and needy

400

WPA - Works Progress Administration
This employed men and women to build hospitals, schools, parks, and airports, employed artists, writers, and musicians.

400

Federal Reserve
This government agency's failure to prevent widespread collapse of the nation’s banking system in the late 1920s and early 1930s, leading to severe contraction (decrease) in the nation’s supply of money in circulation was a cause of The Great Depression

400

Migrant workers (ex. Oakies)
People who left their homes to find work in California became called this

500

Hoover
This president attacked The Bonus Army group because they were demanding to receive their bonus checks from WWI.

500

AAA - Agricultural Adjustment Act?
This paid farmers not to grow certain crops

500

SSA - Social Security Act
This set up a system of pensions for the elderly, the unemployed, dependent children, and people with disabilities

500

Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
High protective tariffs that produced retaliatory tariffs in other countries, strangling world trade were a cause of The Great Depression. Name one such tariff

500

Bank runs
----- are when a large number of bank customers withdraw their deposits because they believe the bank is, or might become, insolvent. Much of the Great Depression's economic damage was caused directly them

The Great Depression

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