Roots
Court System
SC Today and Reform
Judicial Philosophy and Decision Making
Judge Selection

100

Part of Constitution that covers the Judicial branch
What is Article III?

100

Federal courts specifically created by the U.S. Constitution or by Congress pursuant to its authority in Article III
What are Congressional courts?

100

Current Chief Justice
Who is John Roberts?

100

They say the courts should defer policy making to other branches of government as much as possible
Who are restraintists?

100

Presidents generally defer selection of district court judges to the choice of senators of their own party who represent the state where the vacancy occurs
What is senatorial courtesy?

200

First Supreme Court Chief Justice
Who is John Jay?

200

Courts established by Congress for specialized purposes, such as the Court of Military Appeals
What are Legislative courts?

200

Number of all Supreme Court justices to ever hold that position
What is 113?

200

Judicial decision making that argues judges should use their power broadly to further justice
What is judicial activism?

200

When the Senate calls upon nominees to testify and asks probing questions
What are Senate Committee hearings?

300

The year that nine Supreme Court justices became a standard
What is 1869?

300

A document containing the legal written arguments in a case filed with a court by a party prior to a hearing or trial
What is a brief?

300

Number of clerks each justice gets
What is 4?

300

Links judicial attitudes with decision making
What is the attitudinal approach?

300

More and more of these get involved in district court and court of appeals nominations
What are interest groups?

400

Judiciary Act of ____ gives form and substance to the federal judiciary
What is 1789?

400

A prior judicial decision that serves as a rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar nature
What is a precedent?

400

Most recently appointed Supreme Court Justice
Who is Neil Gorsuch?

400

Suggests that justices are prospective thinkers who act to achieve and preserve their policy and personal goals over the long term
What is the strategic model?

400

Many of those appointed to the Supreme Court have been personal friends of the presidents
What is rewards?

500

The year that judicial review was established (M v. M)
What is 1803?

500

In court rulings, a reliance on past decisions or precedents to formulate decisions in new cases
What is stare decisis?

500

Longest current serving Supreme Court justice
Who is Anthony Kennedy?

500

Justices read legal briefs, hear oral arguments, read the newspaper, and watch television so as to be aware of
What is public opinion?

500

"You have to be lucky" to be appointed to the Court once remarked
Who is Justice Sandra Day O'Connor?