Roots Court System SC Today and Reform Judicial Philosophy and Decision Making Judge Selection

100

What is Article III?
Part of Constitution that covers the Judicial branch

100

What are Congressional courts?
Federal courts specifically created by the U.S. Constitution or by Congress pursuant to its authority in Article III

100

Who is John Roberts?
Current Chief Justice

100

Who are restraintists?
They say the courts should defer policy making to other branches of government as much as possible

100

What is senatorial courtesy?
Presidents generally defer selection of district court judges to the choice of senators of their own party who represent the state where the vacancy occurs

200

Who is John Jay?
First Supreme Court Chief Justice

200

What are Legislative courts?
Courts established by Congress for specialized purposes, such as the Court of Military Appeals

200

What is 113?
Number of all Supreme Court justices to ever hold that position

200

What is judicial activism?
Judicial decision making that argues judges should use their power broadly to further justice

200

What are Senate Committee hearings?
When the Senate calls upon nominees to testify and asks probing questions

300

What is 1869?
The year that nine Supreme Court justices became a standard

300

What is a brief?
A document containing the legal written arguments in a case filed with a court by a party prior to a hearing or trial

300

What is 4?
Number of clerks each justice gets

300

What is the attitudinal approach?
Links judicial attitudes with decision making

300

What are interest groups?
More and more of these get involved in district court and court of appeals nominations

400

What is 1789?
Judiciary Act of ____ gives form and substance to the federal judiciary

400

What is a precedent?
A prior judicial decision that serves as a rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar nature

400

Who is Neil Gorsuch?
Most recently appointed Supreme Court Justice

400

What is the strategic model?
Suggests that justices are prospective thinkers who act to achieve and preserve their policy and personal goals over the long term

400

What is rewards?
Many of those appointed to the Supreme Court have been personal friends of the presidents

500

What is 1803?
The year that judicial review was established (M v. M)

500

What is stare decisis?
In court rulings, a reliance on past decisions or precedents to formulate decisions in new cases

500

Who is Anthony Kennedy?
Longest current serving Supreme Court justice

500

What is public opinion?
Justices read legal briefs, hear oral arguments, read the newspaper, and watch television so as to be aware of

500

Who is Justice Sandra Day O'Connor?
"You have to be lucky" to be appointed to the Court once remarked

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