Basic House Rules
Building the House
The Senate
The work of Congress
Vocabulary
100

How long is the term of a representative to the House?

2 years 

100

What is the primary role of the House of Representatives?

To write laws for the United States

100

How long is a term in the Senate? 

6 years

100

What is the first step of creating a new law?

A bill is introduced in Congress.

100

Our Congress is bicameral.  What does "bicameral" mean?

Congress consists of two houses, Senate and House of Representatives 

200

What are the qualifications to serve in the House?

1. At least 25 years old 

2. A US resident for 7 years 

3. A resident of the state you represent

200

What is the role of the House in an impeachment proceeding?

To assess if there is enough evidence to impeach, and write the articles of impeachment. The process begins with the House. 

200

What are the requirements to be a Senator?

1. 30 years old

2. US citizen for 9 years

3. A resident of the state from which they were elected 

200

What happens if a bill is passed in one house of Congress?

It is sent to the other house to proceed through the process of debate and voting.

200

What is the term for members of Congress who are running for re-election?

Incumbents, who win most of their elections 

300

What determines the number of Representatives each state can have in the House?

Population 

300

What is the term for drawing legislative districts to benefit a particular party?

Gerrymandering 

300

Who is the president of the Senate? 

The Vice President, Kamala Harris

300

Once a bill passes both the House and the Senate, then what happens?

It goes to the president who will sign it into law, or veto it. 

300
Most of the work in Congress is done using what organizational structure?

Committees 

400

How many House seats are allotted to Georgia?

14 

400
Who determines district boundaries based on changes in population?

The state legislatures

400

What are primary responsibilities of the Senate?

1. Foreign policy, approving treaties 

2. Approving appointments, like the Supreme Court 

3. Serving as jury in impeachment trials 

400

What are the three primary Congressional Committees?

Standing Committee

Select Committee

Joint Committee

400

The "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution gives Congress the power to make laws to carry out its delegated duties. This is also known as what?

The "elastic clause"

500

What do we call the process of re-dividing the 435 seats based on the results of the census?

Reapportionment

500

Who in the House has the most power in controlling the flow of legislation?

The Speaker of the House

500

Who is the day-to-day head of the Senate?

President Pro Tempore, Patrick J. Leahy  (2021–2023)

500

How would you determine if your senator or representative is doing a good job of representing you in Congress?

You can read the Congressional Record and review voting histories to see if decisions being made are consistent with your opinions.

500

What is the term for a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly?

Filibuster

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