Polymers
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids

100

Name the process of polymers breakdown with help of water
hydrolysis

100

Name of complex molecules that are composed of 3 or more monosaccharides
polysaccharides

100

Why are fats hydrophobic?
because of the relatively nonpolar C-H bonds

100

What are the building blocks of proteins?
amino acids

100

Is thymine found in RNA or DNA?
DNA

200

Name the reaction in wich two monomers are connected by the loss of a water molecule
condensation reaction or dehydration synthesis

200

Monosaccharide found in fruits and sweets:_________
fructose

200

A phospholipid has hydrophobic _________ and a hydrophilic __________
tails, head

200

What is the type of covalent bond between amino acids?
peptide bond

200

How does RNA and DNA differ?
-type of sugar they contain -how many strands they contain -by the bases they contain -by their function

300

What kind of molecule facilitates the dehydration process?
enzymes

300

What is the generalized structure of a carbohydrate?
(CH2O)n

300

What are the building blocks for a triglyceride?
glycerol + 3 fatty acids

300

How many different types of amino acid are used to make proteins?
20

300

The complementary base sequence in the second strand of DNA for the base sequence CCGATT would be
GGCTAA

400

How many molecules of water are needed to completely hydrolyze a polymer that is ten monomers long?
9

400

What is the structural polyssacharide in animals?
chitin

400

What kind of bonds would a saturated fatty acid have in its hydrocarbon tail? (double bonds, single bonds, triple bonds, mixed)
only single bonds

400

When a protein is boiled, it loses all levels of organization besides the primary level. When this happens, the protein is said to be:
denatured

400

What are the three pyrimidines?
Cytosine, Thymine (DNA), and Uracil (RNA)

500

The chemical formula C6H12O6 could stand for:
carbohydrate

500

Sucrose is formed by a dehydration synthesis between:_____
glucose and fructose

500

To convert a triglyceride into a phospholipid, one important change is:__________
1 fatty acid is removed

500

What kind of bond maintains the secondary structure of a protein?
hydrogen bonds

500

A single enzyme is specified by a single _____________
gene