Polymers Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

100

hydrolysis
Name the process of polymers breakdown with help of water

100

polysaccharides
Name of complex molecules that are composed of 3 or more monosaccharides

100

because of the relatively nonpolar C-H bonds
Why are fats hydrophobic?

100

amino acids
What are the building blocks of proteins?

100

DNA
Is thymine found in RNA or DNA?

200

condensation reaction or dehydration synthesis
Name the reaction in wich two monomers are connected by the loss of a water molecule

200

fructose
Monosaccharide found in fruits and sweets:_________

200

tails, head
A phospholipid has hydrophobic _________ and a hydrophilic __________

200

peptide bond
What is the type of covalent bond between amino acids?

200

-type of sugar they contain -how many strands they contain -by the bases they contain -by their function
How does RNA and DNA differ?

300

enzymes
What kind of molecule facilitates the dehydration process?

300

(CH2O)n
What is the generalized structure of a carbohydrate?

300

glycerol + 3 fatty acids
What are the building blocks for a triglyceride?

300

20
How many different types of amino acid are used to make proteins?

300

GGCTAA
The complementary base sequence in the second strand of DNA for the base sequence CCGATT would be

400

9
How many molecules of water are needed to completely hydrolyze a polymer that is ten monomers long?

400

chitin
What is the structural polyssacharide in animals?

400

only single bonds
What kind of bonds would a saturated fatty acid have in its hydrocarbon tail? (double bonds, single bonds, triple bonds, mixed)

400

denatured
When a protein is boiled, it loses all levels of organization besides the primary level. When this happens, the protein is said to be:

400

Cytosine, Thymine (DNA), and Uracil (RNA)
What are the three pyrimidines?

500

carbohydrate
The chemical formula C6H12O6 could stand for:

500

glucose and fructose
Sucrose is formed by a dehydration synthesis between:_____

500

1 fatty acid is removed
To convert a triglyceride into a phospholipid, one important change is:__________

500

hydrogen bonds
What kind of bond maintains the secondary structure of a protein?

500

gene
A single enzyme is specified by a single _____________

The Molecules of Life

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