Vocabulary
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
Checks and Balances

100

What is a "bill?"
an idea for a law

100

What is another name for the Legislative Branch?
Congress

100

Who is the leader of the Executive Branch?
the President

100

What is the name of the most important court in the country?
the Supreme Court

100

Who can veto a bill if he or she does not agree with it?
The President

200

What does veto mean?
to say "no" to a bill; to reject

200

What are the two parts of the Legislative Branch?
Senate and House of Representatives

200

How many years can someone be President?
eight years (two terms of four years each)

200

How many Supreme Court justices are there?
nine

200

Who gets to vote for the people in the Legislative Branch?
the people of the US who are 18 years or older

300

What does "federal" mean?
A part of the United States Government

300

How many people are in the Senate?
100

300

How old must someone be to be President?
35 years old

300

For how long can a person be a Supreme Court justice?
for life or until he or she retires

300

Which branch of government decides if a law that was passed is fair?
Judicial Branch

400

What is a justice?
a judge on the Supreme Court

400

How many people are in the House of Representatives?
435

400

To be President of the United States, a person must be born a citizen of what country?
The United States of America

400

What is the job of the Judicial Branch?
to make sure that laws are fair

400

Who decides who the justices on the Supreme Court are?
the President selects them and the Senate approves them

500

What is a constitution?
a plan for the government

500

What is the job of the Legislative Branch?
to make the laws

500

What is the job of the executive branch?
to make sure that the laws are enforced. ( To make sure people follow the law)

500

What is the capital city of the United States of America?
Washington D.C.

500

What does the term "checks and balances" mean?
to make sure that all the laws and powers are fair so that one person or group cannot have all the power