Urinary ROOTS Urinary SUFFIXES Urinary PREFIXES Urinary DISEASES / DISORDERS Urinary ABBREVIATIONS / Other

100

What is the root for ureter? A ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
Ureter/o

100

What is the suffix meaning inflammation? You could have cystitis, urethritis, nephritis.
-itis

100

What is the prefix meaning inside or below? An infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm would occur below the kidneys in the abdominal cavity
Infra-

100

What is inflammation of the epididymis? The epididymis is the coil shaped tube at the upper part of the testicle where sperm mature
Epipdymitis

100

What is a urinary tract infection? Symptoms include dysuria and/or hematuria and/or polyuria
UTI

200

What is the root for the glomerulus? The glomerulus is the tiny filtration unit that consists of a cluster of capillaries that functions as the initial site for urine formation
Glomerul/o

200

What is the suffix meaning enlargement of? You could have nephromegaly, meaning enlargement of the kidney
-megaly

200

What is the prefix meaning against or opposite of. An antidiuretic hormone would promote the reabsorption of water and decrease reabsorption of sodium ions, thus eliminating sodium and water in the urine
Anti-

200

What is painful, difficult urination?
Dysuria

200

What is glomerular filtration rate? This describes the flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney
GFR

300

What is the root word for pelvis? This refers to the renal pelvis, which is the broad top part of the ureter
Pyel/o

300

What is the suffix meaning "condition" or "state?"
-iasis

300

What is the prefix meaning around? You may suffer a periurethral laceration during childbirth
peri

300

What is the loss of urinary control?
Incontinence

300

What is the abbreviation for kidneys, ureter, and bladder? Also refers to an X-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder taken as a flat plate of the abdomen
KUB

400

What is the root word for bladder? A cystoscopy, for example, would be a visual inspection into the urinary bladder.
Cyst/o

400

What is the suffix meaning surgical fixation of? If you perform a nephrorrhaphy, you may be suturing a floating kidney back onto the posterior abdominal wall.
-rrhaphy

400

What is the prefix meaning a few? Oliguria refers to low urine output
olig-, oligo-

400

What is the term for when kidneys cease urine production?
renal failure

400

What is urinalysis? This is a way of testing for cells, bacteria, and other substances in the urine. It can detect and diagnose a UTI or kidney disorder
UI

500

What is the root word for kidney? Nephritis is inflammation of the kidney and renal means relating to the kidney
Nephr/o, ren/o

500

What is the suffix indicating urine? If you are suffering from nocturia and hematuria, then you are experiencing excessive urination at night and blood in your urine.
-uria

500

What is the prefix meaning much or many? If you experience polyuria, then you have excessive urine production
Poly-

500

What is an infection of the upper urinary tract (pelvis and kidneys)?
Pyelonephritis

500

What is the prostate-specific antigen? This is a protein produced by normal and malignant cells of the prostate gland
PSA

The Urinary System by Lauren D

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