Urinary ROOTS
Urinary SUFFIXES
Urinary PREFIXES
Urinary DISEASES / DISORDERS
Urinary ABBREVIATIONS / Other

100

Ureter/o
What is the root for ureter? A ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

100

-itis
What is the suffix meaning inflammation? You could have cystitis, urethritis, nephritis.

100

Infra-
What is the prefix meaning inside or below? An infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm would occur below the kidneys in the abdominal cavity

100

Epipdymitis
What is inflammation of the epididymis? The epididymis is the coil shaped tube at the upper part of the testicle where sperm mature

100

UTI
What is a urinary tract infection? Symptoms include dysuria and/or hematuria and/or polyuria

200

Glomerul/o
What is the root for the glomerulus? The glomerulus is the tiny filtration unit that consists of a cluster of capillaries that functions as the initial site for urine formation

200

-megaly
What is the suffix meaning enlargement of? You could have nephromegaly, meaning enlargement of the kidney

200

Anti-
What is the prefix meaning against or opposite of. An antidiuretic hormone would promote the reabsorption of water and decrease reabsorption of sodium ions, thus eliminating sodium and water in the urine

200

Dysuria
What is painful, difficult urination?

200

GFR
What is glomerular filtration rate? This describes the flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney

300

Pyel/o
What is the root word for pelvis? This refers to the renal pelvis, which is the broad top part of the ureter

300

-iasis
What is the suffix meaning "condition" or "state?"

300

peri
What is the prefix meaning around? You may suffer a periurethral laceration during childbirth

300

Incontinence
What is the loss of urinary control?

300

KUB
What is the abbreviation for kidneys, ureter, and bladder? Also refers to an X-ray of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder taken as a flat plate of the abdomen

400

Cyst/o
What is the root word for bladder? A cystoscopy, for example, would be a visual inspection into the urinary bladder.

400

-rrhaphy
What is the suffix meaning surgical fixation of? If you perform a nephrorrhaphy, you may be suturing a floating kidney back onto the posterior abdominal wall.

400

olig-, oligo-
What is the prefix meaning a few? Oliguria refers to low urine output

400

renal failure
What is the term for when kidneys cease urine production?

400

UI
What is urinalysis? This is a way of testing for cells, bacteria, and other substances in the urine. It can detect and diagnose a UTI or kidney disorder

500

Nephr/o, ren/o
What is the root word for kidney? Nephritis is inflammation of the kidney and renal means relating to the kidney

500

-uria
What is the suffix indicating urine? If you are suffering from nocturia and hematuria, then you are experiencing excessive urination at night and blood in your urine.

500

Poly-
What is the prefix meaning much or many? If you experience polyuria, then you have excessive urine production

500

Pyelonephritis
What is an infection of the upper urinary tract (pelvis and kidneys)?

500

PSA
What is the prostate-specific antigen? This is a protein produced by normal and malignant cells of the prostate gland