Yom HaShoa Yom HaZikaron Yom HaAtzmaut Israeli Wars X

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What is Holocaust (Remembrance) Day
The English Translation of Yom HaShoa

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What is commemoration?
Yom HaZikaron is a day of... (celebration or commemoration)

100

What is Independence Day?
The English translation of Yom HaAtzmaut

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What is the Independence War?
This war occurred from May 1948 - July 1949

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What is Nakba
The name used to refer to Yom HaAtzmaut by anti-Israel pro-Palestinian people - literally means catastrophe in arabic

200

What is 1933?
Hitler democratically came to power in this year

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What is At the sound of the horn, Israelis stop what they’re doing (including driving, working, listening to music, etc) and pause for a moment of silence. There are two horns: one for the moment of silence to begin the Memorial Day, the other immediately prior to the recitation of prayers ?
The special tradition that takes place at the sound of a horn in Israel the day of Yom Hazikaron. How many times does it happen?

200

Who is David Ben Gurion?
The person who declared the State of Israel's independence

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What is the 6 day war (1967)
In this war; previous cease-fire lines were replaced by new ones, with Judea, Samaria, Gaza, the Sinai peninsula and the Golan Heights under Israel's control. As a result, the northern villages were freed from 19 years of recurrent Syrian shelling; the passage of Israeli and Israel-bound shipping through the Straits of Tiran was ensured; and Jerusalem, which had been divided under Israeli and Jordanian rule since 1949, was reunified under Israel's authority.

200

What is the Haganah
The fighting force in Israel pre-independence that would later become the IDF

300

What is Kristallnacht (the night of the broken glass)?
A famous massive coordinated attack in Nazi controlled areas that occurred on November 9th 1938

300

What is Secular. This day is meant to commemorate people in Israel who have died for their countries’ safety- something that almost all Israelis (not just Jews) can identify with. It is a day of commemoration created by the government for the whole country to recognize, not specifically for Jewish people * although not a religious day, many people read prayers to commemorate and ceremonies take place at the Kotel
Is this a religious or secular day? Why?

300

Who is Will Smith?
The main character of the 1996 film Independence Day

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What is The Yom Kippur War
In this war; Egypt and Syria launched a coordinated surprise assault against Israel (6 October 1973), with the Egyptian army crossing the Suez Canal and Syrian troops penetrating the Golan Heights. Two years of difficult negotiations between Israel and Egypt and between Israel and Syria resulted in disengagement agreements, according to which Israel withdrew from parts of the territories captured during the war.

300

What is the Palmach?
The main fighting unit of the Haganah, largely made up of Kibbutznikim (including many shomrim)

400

Who is Adolph Eichmann?
The only person to ever be given the death penalty in Israel after being caught by the Mossad in Argentina, known as "the architect of the Holocaust" he was in charge of the various deportations to work and extermination camps

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Who are people who have died in service or protection Israel (the army, intelligence, police), the pre-state Jewish underground, and victims of terrorism. Yom Hazikaron is a day that is meant to recognize that Israel would not exist without the service of loyal soldiers and citizens?
The people we honour on Yom HaZikaron

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What is Mount Herzl?
The location of the annual Yom HaAtzmaut ceremony in Israel

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What is Operation Cast Lead?
The war in Gaza launched December 27th 2008

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What is the UN Partition Plan?
The plan to create two sates in Israel - one for Jews and one for Arabs, pre-independence

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What is Auschwitz 2, Chelmo, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek, Belzec?
The 6 extermination camps generally recognized in accounts of the holocaust - all located in occupied Poland

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What is It takes place on the fourth day of the Jewish month, Iyar, unless this lands on Shabbat or a Sunday. This is the day directly before Yom Ha’aztmaut which gives it much more meaning because it is important to recognize the struggles and losses that have made it possible for us to be able to celebrate Israel’s independence
The way the date is chosen and its significance...

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What is the 5th of Iyar (5708)?
The exact Hebrew calendar date of Yom HaAtzmaut

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What is the years of the first and second intifadas
1987 and 2000

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What is Operation Nachshon?
An Israeli military operation during the 1947-1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. Lasting from 5-20 April 1948, its objective was to open up the Jerusalem road that was blockaded by Palestinian Arabs and to supply food and water to the Jewish community of Jerusalem. It was the first major Haganah operation and the first step of Plan Dalet whose aim was to secure the area allotted to the Jews by the 1947 UN Partition Plan. The operation was carried out by the Givati and Harel Brigades. It was during this operation that the Deir Yassin massacre took place on April 9, where around 107 Palestinian villagers, including women and children, were killed by Irgun and Lehi fighters

The Yoms

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