Realism
Famous Firsts
Friends
"Act Natural"
Misc.
100

This Norwegian playwright is considered the "father of modern Realism" and is known for his plays A Doll's House and Hedda Gabler.

Who is Henrick Ibsen?

100

This play was the first staged by the Moscow Art Theatre in 1898, and the title animal has since stood as the emblem for the theater.

What is The Seagull?

100
French avant-garde playwright Alfred Jarry departed from realism with the controversial play Ubu Roi, which translates to this title. Grab your plunger!

What is King S***?

100

This short lived dramatic genre is a more stringent form of realism. 

What is Naturalism?

100

This literary device describes when a joyous event is closely followed by catastrophe.

What is the "Dance of Death" motif?

200

This "mad Swede" wrote in a number of dramatic genres, including realism and naturalism.

Who is August Strindberg?

200

The first theories of anti-realistic staging were developed by these two men.

Who are Appia and Craig?

200

This Swedish actor was well known for her work bringing early Realism to the stage--and for being August Strindberg's first wife.

Who is Siri Von Essen?

200

This French playwright is known for founding literary Naturalism with his theoretical work The Experimental Novel and play Therese Raquine.

Who is Emile Zola?

200

Stanislavski's system of realistic acting focuses on this element, which describes what is unsaid or lying beneath the surface of dramatic dialogue.

What is subtext?

300

This movement involved the establishment of subscription theaters to produce new, controversial works of realism across Europe.

What is the Independent Theatre Movement?

300

Anton Chekhov's vocational "first love" and lifelong profession.

What is practicing medicine?

300

Russian director Vsevlod Meyerhold is known for this theatre style in which all of the structural elements of a production were made visible to the audience. (It looks like of like Tinker Toys.)

What is Constructivism?

300

The quality of literary Naturalism that focuses on characters' inescapable fate that takes them on a downward trajectory. So much for optimism!

What is pessimistic determinism?

300

This literary device named for a playwright mandates that if a prop is seen or referenced in the early moments of a play, it must be used dramatically.

What is Chekhov's Gun?

400

Wouldn't is be lovely to remember that George Bernard Shaw is known for using humor and satire in his realistic plays like Pygmalion, which is the source material for this modern musical.

What is My Fair Lady?

400

This is the famous (and alliterative) first book in Stanislavski's series on realistic acting. (Good advice for Boy Scouts, too.) 

What is An Actor Prepares?

400

This Moscow Art Theatre-trained actor brought many of Chekhov's leading ladies to the stage for the first time.

Who is Olga Knipper?

400

Literary Naturalists focus on these three elements that shape characters' lives.

What are environment, heredity, and chance?

400

This period in Stringberg's life is characterized by mental health crises and experimentation with drugs and the occult.

What is his Inferno Period?

500

These two men founded the Moscow Art Theatre.

Who are Konstantin Stanislavski and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko?

500

This play is considered the first work of dramatic Symbolism.

What is The Intruder?

500

Founder of the Theatre Libre in Paris, this producer and director was known for his early support of Emile Zola and his experimentation with motivated lighting.

Who is Andre Antoine?

500

Russian playwright Maxim Gorky wrote this play about the struggles of the lower class in this play.

What is The Lower Depths?

500

Meticulous director Max Reinahardt is often described using this e-adjective because rather than being tied to any one style, he applied whatever approach was appropriate to each of his projects. 

What is Eclectic?

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