Government Basics
Lead Up to the US Constitution
US Constitution
Federalism
Random

100

What are the views of a "CONSERVATIVE"?
Conservatives tend to promote economic freedom/liberty, while viewing that the government should promote traditional social/moral values.

100

What was the name of the first government in the United States?
The ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION.

100

Explain why the Framers of the US Constitution added the Bill of Rights.
The Bill of Rights was added to address concerns from Anti-Federalists. In order to get more people to support and ratify the US Constitution, the Federalists promised to add a list of liberties that the national government could not deny.

100

Which constitutional amendment is the basis for FEDERALISM?
The 10th Amendment

100

Who is responsible for first writing that the main roles of government should be to protect "life, liberty, and property"?
JOHN LOCKE...Thomas Jefferson incorporated his ideas in the Declaration of Independence

200

What are the views of a "LIBERAL"?
Liberals tend to believe that government should promote social freedoms, while the government should be involved in regulating the economy in order to promote fairness.

200

Identify two weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
Many answers are possible, here are some of them: - weak national government - no president, thus weak enforcement of rules - no unity among states - each state had its own currency

200

Describe the importance of the "Necessary and Proper Clause".
This clause allows the national government to STRETCH their powers and take actions that are not necessarily listed in the US Constitution in order to allow the government to perform their enumerated powers.

200

Describe the concept of DUAL FEDERALISM aka LAYER CAKE FEDERALISM.
The national and state governments operated independently of one another. Each level has separate powers and do no interact.

200

List one BENEFIT and one DISADVANTAGE of FEDERALISM.
Possible benefits: - allows states to test out new policies like laboratories - provides people more access points to the government through local and state levels since the country is large geographically Possible disadvantages: - Complex, with many layers of govt to deal with - Duplication of offices and functions - Conflicts of authority may arise between the different levels

300

Describe the concept of PLURALISM.
Many groups are competing for influence from the government. Because many groups are fighting for power, it becomes difficult for any specific faction to totally dominate the government's policy-making.

300

What was the result of the GREAT COMPROMISE?
Two chamber legislature: - The HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES that is based upon a state's population, represents the "people" - The US SENATE, whereby each state receives equal representation, originally meant to represent STATE interests

300

Why was the 3/5 Compromise controversial?
Slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person in order to appease southern states who wanted their slave populations to count towards their representation in the House and in the Electoral College. Nevertheless, slaves were not allowed to vote and were treated like property throughout much of the country.

300

Describe the concept of COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM aka MARBLE CAKE FEDERALISM.
States and the national government powers are intertwined like a marble cake.

300

What role did SHAYS'S REBELLION play in helping bring an end to the ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION?
The rebellion of furious farmers in Massachusetts showed the weakness of the the Articles in quickly resolving this armed revolt. This was a big turning point in creating a new government.

400

What did Thomas Hobbes view was the important function of government?
Many answers are possible: Students should know that Hobbes felt that government should be mainly responsible for keeping order and protecting the people from themselves. Hobbes felt that the government do whatever was necessary to provide order...even if that meant limiting individual liberty.

400

What was the purpose of the FEDERALIST PAPERS?
They were originally written to persuade New York and other Anti-Federalists to support and ratify the US Constitution.

400

What does the "Interstate Commerce Clause" allow the national government to do and no do?
The national government can regulate business that happens between states and with foreign nations. HOWEVER, states can regulate INTRAstate business (transactions/commerce) within their borders without federal interference.

400

How does a CATEGORICAL GRANT differ from a BLOCK GRANT?
A CATEGORICAL GRANT is money given from the national government to states that must be spent for a specific purpose (more strings attached) A BLOCK GRANT is money given from the national government to states, but states have more flexibility in spending the money.

400

What is the meaning of the FULL FAITH AND CREDIT CLAUSE?
States must honor the laws, judicial proceedings that take place in other states. This includes states honoring driver licenses and marriage licenses.

500

Explain why America’s Founding Fathers were suspicious of implementing a Direct Democracy in the United States.
Answers are various: The gist is that the Founders were fearful that most Americans did not have the education/ability to make good decisions. They felt that people should choose others, who would be more educated and responsible in carrying out the role of government.

500

What was the main argument of Federalist #10?
FACTIONS are inevitable in a free society, thus a functioning government must limit their ill effects rather than banning them in their entirety. Checks and balances, federalism, and separation of powers are the means of decentralization that Madison felt would limit the influence of factions.

500

A. According to the US Constitution, list one way to PROPOSE an amendment. B. According to the US Constitution, list one way to RATIFY an amendment.
A. PROPOSAL: 1. 2/3 of each chamber of Congress must agree to propose or 2. 2/3 of state legislatures call for national convention B. RATIFY: 1. 3/4 of state legislatures must agree to rafity or 2. 3/4 of states agree to ratify at a national convention

500

Describe the concept of DEVOLUTION.
DEVOLUTION is the idea that responsibilities that have traditionally been handled by the national government should be handed down to the STATES, thus limiting the role of the national government.

500

List the 2 important precedents that resulted from McCulloch v. Maryland (1824).
1. States could not tax the federal government via the SUPREMACY CLAUSE 2. The NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE allows the national government to create a national bank even though this is not a enumerated power in the Constitution.