Child Development Basics
Early Brain Development
Safety
Child Care Options
Parenting Styles
100

___________________________________means that children of all abilities, including those with special health care needs, are able to grow up where their social, emotional and educational needs are met.

Healthy development

100

Children depend on ____________________________________________ as their first teachers to develop the right skills to become independent, and lead healthy and successful lives.

parents, family members, and other caregivers

100

When it comes to safety, the recurring theme is supervision and ______________ ____________.

environmental awareness

100

Using child care in your own home means that an individual comes to your home to care for your child or children. This may be just for an evening or as a full-time care arrangement.

Care in Your Own Home

100

The combination of expectation and support helps children of ______________________ parents develop skills such as independence, self-control, and self-regulation.

authoritative

200

Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, and waving “bye-bye."

developmental milestones

200

Exposure to stress and trauma can have long-term negative consequences for the child’s brain, whereas talking, reading, and playing can stimulate ____________ ___________.

brain growth

200

It doesn’t take more than  _____________________of water for a baby to drown.

an inch

200

These programs are usually for children between the ages of 3 and 5 years old. They are often open only during the school year, for only part of the day.

Preschool Programs

200
  1. ____________________________ parenting styles generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient, but they rank lower in happiness, social competence, and self-esteem.

Authoritarian

300

The first ____________  _____________can build a foundation for future learning, health and life success.

8 years

300

List 3 ways that parents and other caregivers can support healthy brain growth.

speaking with them, singing to them and with them, exposing them to books

300

Can toys be recalled after they are purchased?

yes

300

These programs are free, federally funded programs designed to promote school readiness for children from low-income families. They serve pregnant women and families with children under age 3, and serve children between 3 and 5 years old.

Head Start and Early Head Start

300

______________________________ parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable, and successful.

Authoritative

400

Positive or _______________________________ experiences can add up to shape a child’s development and can have lifelong effects

negative

400

List 4 things that are important for children to have so that they can learn and grow.

a safe environment, protection from neglect, protection from extreme or chronic stress, plenty of opportunities to play and explore

400

Never give either hard candy or gum to children ages ___________ and younger.

four

400

These are usually located in commercial buildings. They are larger and care for more children than family child care providers. They are usually divided into groups or classrooms of similarly aged children.

Child Care Centers

400
  1. _________________________ parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation. These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school.

Permissive

500

List 3 ways that parents can support their child’s healthy development.

having routines and household rules, showing warmth and sensitivity, sharing books and talking with children

500

List 3 factors in addition to genes, that determine how well a brain develops.

proper nutrition starting in pregnancy, exposure to toxins or infections, the child’s experiences with other people and the world

500

List 5 of the hidden safety hazards.

Any 5 of the following...

Clothing hampers, magnets, detergent pods, button batteries, hard candy, immersion blenders, prescription drugs, falling televisions, spray bottles, recalled items

500

These programs provide various activities, such as arts and crafts, swimming, drama, and organized sports. They are often run by local parks and recreation departments, community organizations, and child care centers.

Vacation and Summer Child Care Programs

500

________________________________ parenting styles rank lowest across all life domains. These children tend to lack self-control, have low self-esteem, and are less competent than their peers.

Uninvolved

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