Earth's Atmosphere
Energy Transfer
Winds/Clouds
Weather Patterns
Weather Forecast
Climate
100

What was responsible for changing a lot of the atmospheric CO2 and O2 that can be used by life on Earth?

Cyanobacteria (Blue Green Algea)

100

What is the main source of energy that drives all weather patterns?

The Sun

100

Wind are created because air always move from an areas of ______ pressure to an area of ______ Pressure.

High -> Low

100

What are the characteristics of maritime polar air masses?

Cold and Humid

100

Which weather variable can be determined by using a barometer?

Air Pressure

100

The burning of _____________ is releasing _______ into the atmosphere and causing _______________.

Fossil Fuels, Carbon Dioxide, Climate Change (Global Warming)

200

Which layer of the atmosphere contains the ozone layer?

Stratosphere

200

As the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, what are most likely two long-term result?

Ocean Acidification

Melting of Polar Ice caps

Rising Sea Levels

200

Other than Condensation Nuclei, what is necessary for a cloud to form?

The cooling of air as it rises

200

What is the difference between a mT air mass and a cP air mass?

A mT air mass is warmer and more humid.

200

Which weather instrument is used to measure relative humidity?

Psychrometer

200

Two cities are located only 50 kilometers apart and yet the cities have different climates. Which of these factors is the most likely cause of this difference in climate?

population

elevation

longitude

latitude

Elevation

300

All weather in the Earth's atmosphere takes place in the —

Troposphere

300

What is the primary job of the ozone layer?

Block out UV Rays

300

Earth's Rotation makes global winds curve. This is called the

Coriolis Effect

300

Based on the changes between the weather conditions, which of these most likely passed by the weather station between time 1 and time 2?

A cold Front

300

Isobars connect points of equal __________.

Isotherms connect points of equal _________.

Air Pressure

Temperature

300

Which statement best describes the climate of an area?

A. At 4:00 p.m. the relative humidity in southern Nevada was 10%.

B. At 3:00 a.m. a winter storm warning was issued for Lake Tahoe.

C. The lowest temperature last week in Carson City was 9°C.

D. The average yearly rainfall in Nevada is approximately 23 cm.

D

400

What is the correct labeling of the layers of the atmosphere from bottom to top?

Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere

400

What human activities most likely helped in depleting the ozone layer?

release of chlorofluorocarbons from aerosol cans

400

Label the Global Winds.

Zone 1 - Polar Easterlies

Zone 2 - Prevailing Westerlies

Zone 3 - Northeast Trade Winds

Zone 4 - Southeast Trade Winds 

Zone 5 - Prevailing Westerlies

Zone 6 - Polar Easterlies

400

What type of front is associated with thunderstorms?

Cold Front

400

What is the wind direction at station B?

SouthEast

400

How does the latitude of a region affect its climate?

by determining the angle of sunlight throughout the year

500

After the moon was formed, the Earth's atmosphere contained mostly —

Carbon Monoxide (CO), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and Water Vapor

500

Visible light reaches Earth’s surface while infrared light is trapped as heat. Which characteristic of Earth’s atmosphere causes this to happen?

Greenhouse Effect

500

People have tried many methods to artificially produce rain. One method, called cloud seeding, involves
airplanes dropping particles of silver iodide onto clouds to help the clouds produce rain droplets. These silver iodide particles act as—

Condensation Nuclei

500

What weather front will occur if a faster moving cold air mass overtakes a slower moving warm air mass and pushes the warm air up into the atmosphere?

Occluded Front

500

Which of the following natural disasters is most likely to result in a narrow path of destruction through a forest?

A. a tornado

B. a flood

C. an earthquake

D. a hurricane

A. Tornado

500

Which factor is primarily responsible for location A having a lower average yearly temperature than location B?

Latitude

600

The atmospheric composition of the Earth in Figure A was comprised of —

Helium and Hydrogen

600

Close to the surface of the Earth, the air is heated by —

Conduction

600

The diagram above is what type of breeze (sea or land) and how is it created

a sea breeze created during the day because the land heats faster than the water.

600

Hurricanes are large tropical storms with heavy winds that exceed 74 miles per hour. Hurricanes produce heavy rains and may give rise to tornadoes. What is the source of the energy contained in hurricanes?

Thermal Energy of Ocean Waters

600

                                                         

What symbol would represents a wind speed of 30 knots?



600

A student examines the average high temperatures for two cities, A and B.



Which conclusion is true regarding a city’s location?

A. City A is near the coast because the ocean would minimize the temperature variation throughout the year.

B. City A is near the coast because the temperatures are hotter in the summer than in city B.

C. City B is near the coast because the winter temperatures are cooler than in city A.

D. City B is near the coast because the ocean causes large variations in temperature throughout the year.

A. City A is near the coast because the ocean would minimize the temperature variation throughout the year.

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