Westward Expansion and the Mexican War (2)
The Path to War (2)
Reconstruction and Reversal (2)
Civil War (3)
Reconstruction and Reversal (3)

100

After the Battle of San Jacincto, Mexico was forced to recognize this.
Texan independence

100

Preservation of this was the main motive for southern secession from the union.
slavery

100

Lacking land and opportunities in industry, many poor blacks in the South made their living this way after the Civil War.
share-cropping

100

This law provided 160 acres of free land in the West to people willing to farm it for five years.
Homestead Act

100

Under Presidential Reconstruction, most Confederates received pardons in return for this.
loyalty oath

200

Once independent, Texas legalized slavery and banned this group from coming to Texas.
free blacks

200

The Compromise of 1850 outlawed this in the District of Columbia.
Slave trade

200

Term describing Northerners who had moved to the south after the Civil War.
carpetbaggers

200

General Sherman created great destruction in this state on his March to the Sea.
Georgia

200

Through the Compromise of 1877, Republicans exchanged this for the end of Reconstruction.
winning the presidency

300

He sent U.S. troops into disputed territory, sparking war with Mexico.
Polk

300

The Dred Scot decision ruled that there could be no slavery restrictions in the territories and that this was unconstitutional.
the Missouri Compromise

300

This practice often began with a false accusation of rape and was intended to put down anyone who challenged white authority.
lynching

300

This prohibited slavery everywhere in the United States.
13th Amendment

300

Under Presidential Reconstruction, many southern states passed these, restricting the rights of blacks.
Black Codes

400

The Treaty of Guadeloupe-Hidalgo recognized this as the southern border of Texas.
the Rio Grande River

400

Of the four candidates in the 1860 election (Breckinridge, Lincoln, Douglas, and Bell), he was most in support of slavery.
Breckinridge

400

Principle established by Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) allowing the growth of segregation in the south.
separate but equal

400

Site of General Lee’s surrender to General Grant, ending the Civil War.
Appomattox Courthouse

400

Reconstruction governments failed to accomplish this, meaning that former slaves remained poor.
land redistribution

500

Although outnumbered, he successfully captured Mexico City.
Winfield Scott

500

A Confederate attack on this fort marked the beginning of the Civil War.
Fort Sumter

500

Two methods used by whites to disenfranchise blacks in the South.
literacy tests and poll taxes

500

As a result of the Civil War, the South lost this proportion of its wealth.
2/3

500

Minor charge often used against blacks to sentence them to forced servitude.
Vagrancy – joblessness