Westward Expansion and the Mexican War (2) The Path to War (2) Reconstruction and Reversal (2) Civil War (3) Reconstruction and Reversal (3)

100

Texan independence
After the Battle of San Jacincto, Mexico was forced to recognize this.

100

slavery
Preservation of this was the main motive for southern secession from the union.

100

share-cropping
Lacking land and opportunities in industry, many poor blacks in the South made their living this way after the Civil War.

100

Homestead Act
This law provided 160 acres of free land in the West to people willing to farm it for five years.

100

loyalty oath
Under Presidential Reconstruction, most Confederates received pardons in return for this.

200

free blacks
Once independent, Texas legalized slavery and banned this group from coming to Texas.

200

Slave trade
The Compromise of 1850 outlawed this in the District of Columbia.

200

carpetbaggers
Term describing Northerners who had moved to the south after the Civil War.

200

Georgia
General Sherman created great destruction in this state on his March to the Sea.

200

winning the presidency
Through the Compromise of 1877, Republicans exchanged this for the end of Reconstruction.

300

Polk
He sent U.S. troops into disputed territory, sparking war with Mexico.

300

the Missouri Compromise
The Dred Scot decision ruled that there could be no slavery restrictions in the territories and that this was unconstitutional.

300

lynching
This practice often began with a false accusation of rape and was intended to put down anyone who challenged white authority.

300

13th Amendment
This prohibited slavery everywhere in the United States.

300

Black Codes
Under Presidential Reconstruction, many southern states passed these, restricting the rights of blacks.

400

the Rio Grande River
The Treaty of Guadeloupe-Hidalgo recognized this as the southern border of Texas.

400

Breckinridge
Of the four candidates in the 1860 election (Breckinridge, Lincoln, Douglas, and Bell), he was most in support of slavery.

400

separate but equal
Principle established by Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) allowing the growth of segregation in the south.

400

Appomattox Courthouse
Site of General Lee’s surrender to General Grant, ending the Civil War.

400

land redistribution
Reconstruction governments failed to accomplish this, meaning that former slaves remained poor.

500

Winfield Scott
Although outnumbered, he successfully captured Mexico City.

500

Fort Sumter
A Confederate attack on this fort marked the beginning of the Civil War.

500

literacy tests and poll taxes
Two methods used by whites to disenfranchise blacks in the South.

500

2/3
As a result of the Civil War, the South lost this proportion of its wealth.

500

Vagrancy – joblessness
Minor charge often used against blacks to sentence them to forced servitude.

U.S. History 1 - Exam 4 (Round 2)

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