The Civil WAR
Western Expansion/Farmers
The Labor Movement
The Progressives

General Winfield Scott proposed a plan to cut off Southern Ports with a naval blockade and slowly strangle the South into Submission. 

What is the Anaconda Plan?


The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments are collectively known as the

What are the Reconstruction Amendments?


Promised settlers 160 acres for free if they farmed it for five years.

What is The Homestead Act?


when a company grows by buying its competitors

What is Horizontal Integration?


generally having 3 purposes to obtain higher wages, better working conditions, and shorter work hours 

What are labor unions?


post-Civil War – 1930 migration of people from farming areas to cities and towns.

What is Urbanization?


investigative journalists who exposed corruption in business and government and publicized it in books, newspapers and magazines.

What are muckrakers?


started by the French and completed by the U.S., this provided the U.S. Navy and ocean-going trade quicker transit between the Atlantic and the Pacific

What is the Panama Canal?


prohibited any attempt to interfere with military operations, to support U.S. enemies during wartime, to promote insubordination in the military, or to interfere with military recruitment.

What is the Espionage Act of 1917  ?


This Battle was a turning point in the war, fulfilling the Anaconda Plan

What is, the Battle of Vicksburg? 


Those that opposed Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson's plans for Reconstruction.

Who were the Radical Republicans?


primarily seeking better paying jobs, 6 million African-Americans moved out of the rural Southern United States to the Northeast, Midwest, and West from the end of the civil war through most of the 20th century

What is the Great Migration?


created universities, museums and libraries believing that such institutions would make it possible for the disadvantage to obtain wealth

What are Captains of Industry?


The ARU the railroads largest union united for a strike against their employer and ended in failure

What is the Pullman Strike?


provided immigrants and the poor with various social services in exchange for votes

What is a political machine?


Amendment that gave women the right to vote

What is the 19th Amendment?


A technique for selling more newspapers by sensationalizing and distorting the facts in stories written.

What is Yellow Journalism?


Because of Germany's use of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare, U.S. merchant ships would be escorted across the  Atlantic escorted by Naval battleships in groups called ______________.

What are Convoys?


Thadeaus Stevens was the head of this political party who wanted Freedmen to have full civil and political rights

Who are Radical Republicans?

This law ended black codes and provide Freedmen civil and political rights during Reconstruction.

What is the Civil Rights Act of 1866?


delivered by William Jennings Bryan in support of bimetallism.

What is the Cross of Gold Speech? 


Elijah McCoy, John Albert, Lewis Howard Latimer and Madam CJ Walker are all

What are African American Inventors?


the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration in Chicago. It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking ensuing gunfire resulted in the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians; scores of others were wounded.

What is the Haymarket Riot?


this law placed a ban on the immigration of Chinese skilled and unskilled laborers to the United States for a period of ten years.

What is The Chinese Exclusion Act?


privately operated houses designed to help new immigrants to a large city to adapt easier, find jobs, learn the English language and about American culture, and to basically aid in the “Americanization” process.

What are Settlement Houses?


the process of stronger nations taking over weaker countries to add territory to their land control, open up new markets to become richer, and to test and expand military capabilities.

What is Imperialism?


The German Foreign Minister promised to return New Mexico, Arizona and Texas to Mexico if they would would attack the US.  

What is the Zimmerman Note, (Telegram).


Differences in economies, their stance on slavery and the settlement of western territories are considered

What are sectional issues? 


Southern whites who supported Reconstruction and the Republican Party after the American Civil War

Who are Scalawags?


Threatened the survival of Indian culture.

Often the land was arid and infertile.

Would lead to the sell-off of Indian reservation land.

Prohibited Indians from selling the land given to them.

What is the Dawes Act?


He invented the first telephone

Who is Alexander Graham Bell?


Impersonal working conditions

Long working hours

Low wages

Lack of opportunity for advancement

Child Labor

What is Problems Faced by Industrial Workers?


The belief that native-born Americans were superior to others and that immigrants and their diverse cultural influences were undesirable.  

What is Nativism?


Christian movement applying ethics to social problems, especially issues of social justice such as economic inequality, poverty, alcoholism, crime, racial tensions, etcetera

What is the Social Gospel Movement?


He wrote, "The Influence of Sea Power Upon History?

Who is Alfred Thayer Mahan?


One sided information designed to persuade listeners. 

HINT: During WWI, This was passed onto the public via, posters, political cartoons and The Committee of Public Information.   

What is Propaganda?


The 16th President of the United States who's main goal was the preserve the Union 

Who is Abraham Lincoln?


a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land that would end in a cycle of debt known as Debt Peonage 

What is Sharecropping?


the first federal law regulating private industry; specifically, the railroad industry and monopolistic practices like price collusion

What is the Interstate Commerce Act?


when a company buys their suppliers, controlling all parts of manufacturing

What is Vertical Integration?


In this law Congress forbade all trusts, combinations, and conspiracies that limited or restricted interstate trade

What is the Sherman Anti Trust Act?


Large cities and towns

What are Urban Centers


The Meat Inspections Act and Pure Food and Drug Act are examples of...

What is Government regulation?


The armed conflict in which the United States intervened to assist Cuba in gaining its independence

What is the Spanish American War?


Brought an end to WWI. 

Imposed harsh penalties on Germany including losing much of its territory, signing a War Guilt Clause and required to pay large repartations.

Included the League of Nations. 

What is The Treaty of Versailles?


This slave sued the Supreme Court to obtain his freedom after moving to a free state but was denied because he was considered property and not a citizsen

Who is Dred Scott.


a Northerner who moved to the South after the U.S. Civil War, especially during the Reconstruction era, in order to profit from the instability and power vacuum that existed at this time.

What is a carpetbagger?


Is a farmers' alliance organized to demand the regulation of banks and monopolistic railroads.

What is the Grange Movement?


Allowed Floridians to export citrus, vegetables, tobacco, cotton, beef and cattle. Also brought tourist to Flagler's luxury hotels.

What is The Florida East Coast Railroad?


a pseudo-science used to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics

What is Social Darwinism?


Children of immigrants were the first to be "_______" into mainstream society by learning the values and behaviors of American Culture.

What is Americanization or Assimilation


Known as the "Trust Buster" he was president during the Progressive Era. Promising Americans a square deal with fair play and equality.

Who is Theodore Roosevelt?


Theodore Roosevelt accepted a Japanese invitation to mediate the conflict of the Russo-Japanese War. President Roosevelt would receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.

What is the Treaty of Portsmouth?


Demanded by President Wilson that it be included in the Treaty of Versailles.

Had no real army and depended on the goodwill of its members.

It would be rejected by the U.S. Senate 

What is The League of Nations?