Reasons for Colonization
Why that site?
Government
Life at Jamestown
Interactions between Natives

100

What county colonized America?

England (Great Britain)

100

In 1607, Jamestown was on a ______. Today, it is located on an ______.

Peninsula


Island

100

What happened in 1619?

The governor of Virginia called a meeting of the General Assembly.

100

When did women arrive at Jamestown? What was made possible when they arrived?

1620. For settlers to start families

100

Who initiated trading relationships with the native people?

Captain John Smith

200

What did England hope to find in America?

Gold and Silver

200

Why did the settlers chose that site for Jamestown?

1. Instructions from England told the settlers to go inland

2. The location could be easily defend from attack by sea

3. The water along the shore was deep enough to dock ships. 

4. They believed the site had a good supply of fresh water

200

What was the General Assembly?

Two representatives, called burgesses, the Governor's Council, and the Governor. They met at one legislative body.

200

When did African arrive at Jamestown? What was made possible after their arrival?

1619. Expand the tobacco economy.

200

What did the native people trade to the English?

food, fur, leather

300

The new settlement would furnish England with __________ ___________, that would open new markets for trade.

raw materials

300

What types of natural resources were found at Jamestown?

timber (wood) and iron

300

Who could be in the General Assembly?

Only free adult men who owned land

300

What were the hardships faced by the settlers?

1. The site was marshy and had unsafe water

2. Droughts caused a shortage of food

3. Settlers lacked survival skills (they were gentlemen)

4. Starvation and Disease

300

What did the English trade to the native people?

tools, pots, copper for jewelry

400

Jamestown was primarily an _______ venture

economic

400

Why was the water at Jamestown not good?

It was brackish- salty and dirty

400

Why was the General Assembly a good thing?

It gave settlers the opportunity to take part in controlling their own government.

400

What changes resulted in survival at Jamestown?

1. Supply ships

2. Forced Work Program and strong leadership of John Smith

3. Moving away from the unhealthy environment of Jamestown 

4. emphasis on agriculture (growing their own food)

400

How did the native people help the settlers survive at Jamestown?

1. Powhatan provided leadership to his people and taught the settlers survival skills. 

2. Pocahontas, served as a contact between the native people and the English

3. The native people showed the settlers how to plant corn and harvest tobacco

500

Who financed the settlement of Jamestown? What year was Jamestown founded?

Stockholders of the Virginia Company of London. 1607

500

Did the settlers find gold and silver at Jamestown?

NO!

500

When was the House of Burgesses created and what was it?

In the 1640s, the burgesses become a separate legislative body. They met separately from the Governor's Council as one of the two legislative bodies of the General Assembly.

500

Who were the colonists trading with for food?

the Powhatan Indians (Pocahontas and Chief Powhatan)

500

How did the native people start to feel about the colonists as the Jamestown settlement continued to grow?

They came to see them as invaders who would take over their land.