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Atmosphere and Solar Energy Review
Atmosphere and Solar Energy Review

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Which of these best describes the relationship between weather and climate?
Climate is the long-term weather conditions of an area

100

What type of weather is associated with a low-pressure system?
Strong wind and precipitation

100

True or false. This is associated with a high-pressure system: Clear with gentle breezes.
True

100

What would happen if Earth had no atmosphere?
The days would be hot and the nights would be cold

100

How many layers does Earth’s atmosphere have?
five

200

The term weather describes the condition of the atmosphere…
At a particular time and place

200

Scientists groups climates by…
Precipitation and temperature

200

What conditions can lead to the formation of a hurricane?
A low-pressure system over the ocean near the equator

200

What is the most abundant gas in Earth’s atmosphere?
nitrogen and oxygen

200

What causes wind?
Winds form because air pressure varies from place to place

300

True or false. The term climate describes long-term weather patterns.
True

300

It rained yesterday. Today it is sunny. Rain is predicted again for tomorrow. These are examples of…
Changes in weather

300

Describe the air motion in a low-pressure system?
Air moves inward around the center and then moves upward

300

True or false. The uneven heating of Earth’s surface cause winds to flow.
True

300

True or false. Sea and land breezes are local winds that form as the result of uneven heating and cooling.
True

400

True or false. Many tornadoes occur in North America.
True

400

Clear skies and gentle breezes are usually associated with a…
High-pressure system

400

Thunderstorms can form when…
Warm, humid air quickly rises

400

Why do some winds change direction in areas where land is near water?
This breeze occurs because water and land heat up and cool down at different rates

400

Within which layer of the atmosphere do you find rain, snow, and clouds?
troposphere

500

A maritime tropical air mass is moist and warm , so it probably formed over…
The ocean near the equator

500

Large bodies of water affect climate because…
Water heats up and cools more slowly than land

500

What type of weather does a low-pressure system bring?
Stormy weather

500

How does heat energy get from Earth’s surface to air?
radiation

500

True or false. Scientists use patterns of temperature change to determine layers of atmosphere.
True