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100

The day-to-day state of the atmosphere for a certain area.

Weather

100

The weather in a certain area averaged over many years.

Climate

100

What object in the solar system affects weather conditions on Earth?

the sun

100

Who are the people that study and forecast the weather?

Meteorologists 

100

The weight of air pressing on a surface is called?

air pressure

200

What tool would you use to measure how fast the wind is moving?

anemometer

200

A barometer measures:

air pressure

200

What tool measures the amount of precipitation?

rain gauge

200

A thermometer measures:

air temperature

200

____________ includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail that fall from clouds.

Precipitation

300

When the forecast calls for stormy, windy weather, it likely means a _______ pressure air mass is on the way.

low

300

Where does a hurricane form?

Forms over warm, tropical water.

300

What are some common weather events?

rain, snow, fog, etc.

300

A __________ can form from a thunderstorm as the wind changes direction and the air starts to rotate.

tornado

300

What are some extreme weather events?

tornado, ice storm, hurricane, etc.

400

If the air pressure reading on a barometer is falling, what weather can you expect?

stormy weather and strong winds

400

What do stratus clouds look like?

smooth, gray, and cover the whole sky

400

The weather is fair now, but rain or snow is supposed to fall in a few hours. What cloud is likely in the sky?

cirrus

400

What kind of air mass is created when the air cools, becomes denser, and sinks?

high pressure air mass

400

1. A puffy white cloud with a flat bottom usually brings what type of weather?

2. What type of cloud is described above?

1. fair weather

2. cumulus cloud

500

Which type of cloud most likely indicates a thunderstorm approaching?

cumulonimbus cloud

500

This develops in warm and humid conditions:

thunderstorm

500

During a thunderstorm, the wind suddenly changed direction and the air began to rotate... what has happened?

a tornado formed

500

An area experienced a severe drought for several months. What most likely happened because of that?

Many organisms' habitats were destroyed.

500

TRUE or FALSE: At any moment, different places around the world are experiencing different weather.

TRUE

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