Vocabulary
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Introducing Mountains
Making the Most of Mountains
Mountain Animals/as Barriers/People

100

to stay alive

survive

100

a colorless or lightly colorless or lightly colored hard mineral

crystal

100

Which is not a way mountains are formed?

extinctions

100

The highest mountain in the world is...

Mount Everest.

100

Which is one form of adaptation that allows animals to live on mountains?

hoofs with sharp edges

200

a passage through or under a natural feature such as a mountain

tunnel

200

to go into a sleeplike state during winter and live off body fat

hibernate

200

Which is the highest mountain in Africa?

Mount Kilimanjaro

200

What mountain range is located in South America?

Andes

200

Which of the following describes a mountain pass?

is an easier way to cross a mountain range

300

a wall used to stop the flow of water

dam

300

a machine that makes electricity

generator

300

An extinct volcano is...

not likely to erupt.

300

What is the highest mountain in North America?

Denali

300

How do mountains create challenges for people?

** all of the above

400

the distance above sea level of a spot on Earth's surface

elevation

400

to build level surfaces on a mountainside

terrace

400

Two mountain ranges located in North America are...

the Rocky and the Appalachian Mountains.

400

Mount Aconcagua is the highest mountain in...

South America.

400

What is a plateau?

a large area of high but level ground

500

a naturally occurring substance found in Earth's crust

mineral

500

melted rock from inside Earth's crust

magma

500

Which elevation would be the coldest place on a mountain?

10,000 feet

500

People living in the Andes Mountains have adapted to the effects of...

high elevation.

500

Why are mountains important to people?

They are the sources of rivers that provide hydroelectric power.