Rhetorical Appeals Rhetorical Devices Elements of Voice Syntax Organization & Revision

100

What is pathos?
is used to describe the rhetor's attempt to appeal to "an audience's sense of identity, their self-interest, and their emotions."

100

What is Full-Circle Ending and/or Repetition for Effect?
"I stretch out my legs, feeling the coolness of material slide over them. As always, I'm amazed that this one place can hold so much joy for me. It was here where I shared my first secrets. It was here where I read my first mystery book. It was here where I closed my eyes each night and thought of sugarplum fairies and all things sweet and wonderful. So I stretch out my legs, turn on my night light, and snuggle deeper, deeper sill in my favorite place." (Chelly)

100

What is diction?
"Once I am sure there's nothing going on, I step inside, letting the door THUD shut." — Philip Larkin, "Church Going"

100

What is simple sentence?
Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama, in 1880 and died in 1968. (simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex?)

100

What is claim of fact?
Kind of Claim: What some people refer to as global warming is actually nothing more than normal, long-term cycles of climate change.

200

What is ethos?
is used to describe the audience's perception of the rhetor's credibility or authority

200

What is Tricolon/Magic 3?
“When it came flickering into his consciousness, he focused upon it, keeping it there, darkening it, holding it in his vision as long as possible until his head hurt and he let it fade away.” Lois Lowry, THE GIVER

200

What is syntax?
"The seven years' difference in our ages lay between us like a chasm: I wondered if these years would ever operate between us as a bridge. — James Baldwin, "Sonny's Blues"

200

What is complex sentence?
Until she was 19 months of age, her sight and hearing were normal. (simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex?)

200

What is claim of policy?
Kind of Claim: At least 25 percent of the federal budget should be spent on helping upgrade business to clean technologies, researching renewable energy sources, and planting more trees in order to control or eliminate pollution.

300

What is logos?
is the use of the strategies of logic to persuade your audience

300

What is Figurative Language?
“The one place where a man ought to get a square deal is in a courtroom, be he any color of the rainbow, but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box. As you grow older, you'll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don't you forget it - whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash.” Harper Lee, TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD

300

What is imagery?
"There were some dirty plates and a glass of milk beside her on a small table near the rank, disheveled bed - Wrinkled and nearly blind she lay and snored rousing with anger in her tones to cry for food. — William Carlos Williams, "The Last Words of my English Grandmother"

300

What is simple sentence?
At the age of 19 months, a severe illness left her deaf and blind. (simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex?)

300

What is claim of value?
Kind of Claim: The use of civil disobedience during the Civil Rights struggle was reasonable, moral, and necessary.

400

What is logos?
The following is an example of which rhetorical appeal: 4 out of 5 Dentists surveyed would recommend sugarless gum to their patients who chew gum (Trident Gum advertisement). The leading U.S. military commanders in Iraq say the surge strategy is working. How bad is the current financial mess? According to Alan Greenspan, U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman, it's "the type of wrenching financial crisis that comes along only once in a century" ("Greenspan").

400

What is Specific Details for Effect?
It is curious, but till that moment I had never realized what it means to destroy a healthy, conscious man. When I saw the prisoner step aside to avoid the puddle, I saw the mystery, the unspeakable wrongness, of cutting a life short when it is in full tide. This man was not dying, he was alive just as we were alive. All the organs of his body were working--bowels digesting food, skin renewing itself, nails growing, tissues forming--all toiling away in solemn foolery. His nails would still be growing when he stood on the drop, when he was falling through the air with a tenth of a second to live. His eyes saw the yellow gravel and the gray walls, and his brain still remembered, foresaw, reasoned--reasoned even about puddles. He and we were a party of men walking together, seeing, hearing, feeling, understanding the same world; and in two minutes, with a sudden snap, one of us would be gone--one mind less, one world less. ("A Hanging" by George Orwell)

400

What is DETAIL?
"Under the hard, tough cloak of the struggle for existence in which money and enormous white refrigerators and shining, massive, brutally-fast cars and fine, expensive clothing had ostensibly overwhelmed the qualities of men that were good and gentle and just, there still beat a heart of kindness and patience and forgiveness." — John Okada, NO-NO BOY

400

What is complex sentence?
When she was seven, she began her education in reading and writing with Anne Sullivan of the Perkins Institute for the Blind. (simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex?)

400

What is commentary?
In an outline and essay, this is your interpretation, analysis, and explanation of the text evidence.

500

What is ethos?
The following is an example of which rhetorical appeal: I will never steal from the cash register because I have been employee of the month for three consecutive months now. As far as our colleagues know, I am a kind and religious person who has been very helpful to my fellow employees in this restaurant. It does not make sense to accuse me of stealing the money.

500

What is Repetition for Effect?
“The day he died was one of the darkest in my life. He became sick, weak, and I was there. I was there when he suffered. I was there when he asked for help, for water. I was there to receive his last words. But I was not there when he called for me, although we were in the same block; he on the upper bed and I on the lower bed. He called my name, and I was too afraid to move. All of us were. And then he died. I was there, but I was not there.” Elie Wiesel, SPEECH AT BUCHENWALD CONCENTRATION CAMP

500

What is syntax?
"No sooner had the reverberation of my blows sunk into silence, then I was answered by a voice from within the tomb — by a cry, at first muffled and broken, like the sobbing of a child, and then quickly swelling into one long, loud, and continuous scream, utterly anomalous and inhuman — a howl! — a wailing shriek, half of horror and half of triumph, such as might have arisen only out of hell, conjointly from the throats of the damned in their agony and of the demons that exult in the damnation." — Edgar Allan Poe, "The Black Cat"

500

What is compound-complex sentence?
Although she was blind, Helen Keller learned to read by the Braille system, and she learned to write by using a specially constructed typewriter.

500

What is an concrete detail (text evidence)?
In an outline and text-dependent essay, this is what you use to support your claim.

Writing I ~ Midterm Review

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