Formal/Informal test
Reliability/Validity
Artic/Phono Disorder
Artic/Phono Treatment
Speech/Language Treatment
100

Set of questions/stimuli with predefined correct answers & deviations can impact results

Standardized test

100

Can you repeat the test and get the same score

What is reliability?
100
Errors of phonemes that form patterns in which a child simplifies individual sounds or sound combinations

What is phonological disorder?

100

Pairs of words that the child produces as homonyms

1. child learns word pairs 

2. child receptively identifies word pairs (auditory descrimination)

3. child produces the words

What is the minimal pairs approach? 

100

What specific behavior will you target

What are goals?

200

Subtypes of formal tests

Norm referenced and criterion referenced 

200
How well does the test predict later performance on another, valid language assessment
What is construct validity?
200

snow-no 

spider - pider

What is cluster reduction?

200

contrast approach for children with limited sound interventions who exhibit sound preference (multiple sounds are substituted with the same sound)

What is the multiple oppositions approach?

200

Who will teach, venue, session format, resource/stimuli, level of structure, social/emotional valence

What is context?

300

individuals are compared and ranked relative to a large group & scores are reported as percentile rankings

Norm referenced
300

How well do the scores correlate with the scores of other language tests that evaluate the same skills

What is concurrent validity?
300

cap-tap

go-do

What is velar fronting?

300

mirrors the natural development of phonology in young children where many processes are developed gradually over time by mastering easiest words first

What is the hodson cycles approach?
300

Prompting child to produce words depicted on picture cards & Providing knowledge of results feedback after trials 

Teaching moment

400

Observations in unstructured environments, language samples in semi-structured environments, reports from parents, teacher or child

Informal assessment

400

Does the test measure the skills that it's designed to measure and does it measure those skills accurately?

What is validity?

400

Motor component that affects the ability to clearly articulate specific sounds and syllables in words

What is articulation disorder?

400
  • Require motor activities, emphasis on correcting the motor pattern for individual sounds, approaches primarily begin at isolation level, appropriate for when sound is being attempted, but the motor pattern is imprecise

Describe a traditional articulation approach

400
Opportunity, expected response, and clinician feedback

Teaching moment

500

naturalistic contexts into child's real life, chance to build rapport with child, complexity of interactions between speech and language skills.

Why are informal assessments important?

500

Do you get similar answers to similar questions on the assessment

What is internal reliability?

500

May have no known etiology or may be associated with another impairment that impacts oral function or sensory perception

What is articulation disorder?

500

Articulation therapy includes a lot of...

Drill
500

Intensity (frequency, duration, dosage), Training, Evaluation (criterion based, prescribed)

Procedures

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