String Family
Percussion Family
Woodwind Family
Musical Form
100

Smallest and highest-pitched stringed instrument of the orchestra

violin

100

Pitched drums that change notes when you press a pedal down. Musicians play multiple drums as part of a set.

Timpani

100

Has a single reed. Notes sound lower than flute. Often made out of wood or plastic.

Clarinet

100

A section of music at the beginning of a piece of music that establishes the key, tempo, and any other defining factors.

Intro

200

stringed instrument of the orchestra that is bigger than the violin and reads notes in alto clef on the music staff. Strings are the same as the cello.

viola

200

Drum most used in marching bands, concert bands, jazz bands. This drum is the main component of a drum set.

Snare Drum

200

Has a double reed. Looks similar to the clarinet.

Oboe

200

A recurring section of music that tells a story and has multiple variations within a song  

Verse

300

Large string instrument, played between the knees. Performers traditionally sit down to play.

cello

300

Low-pitched, large drum part of a Jazz band, concert band, and marching band

Bass Drum

300

Has no reed. Pitch is made by blowing air across the tone hole. Plays high notes. Made out of metal and has keys.

Flute

300

Section that provides contrast while connecting other sections of a song

Bridge

400

Piano-like stringed instrument that is very heavy as the bass is made of metal.

harp

400

Keyboard instrument with 88 black and white keys. Hammers hit strings to create sounds.

Piano

400

Has a single reed and is made out of brass metal. Is only used occasionally in the orchestra, but often in a Jazz band.

Saxophone

400

A recurring section of music that expresses the main idea of the song that has the same melody, key, tempo, etc. throughout the song.

Chorus

500

a fretted string instrument that is strummed or plucked with a pick or fingers.

guitar

500

Two large circles made of metal that you crash together

Cymbals

500

Two reeds together that the oboe, bassoon, and contrabassoon use to make sound

Double Reed

500

ABACA-form of a composition that has a recurring A section

Rondo Form

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