Argumentative
Character Analysis
Figurative Language/Context Clues
Theme
Main Idea
100

What is a claim?

A claim states the author's side of the argument and why they choose that side.

100

What does character analysis mean?

What does character trait mean?

Character analysis means to take a deeper look at the tex to be able to describe a character.


Character traits are adjectives used to describe a character.

100

Kevin told me that there is no homework. Katie told me that we are supposed to study for a quiz. I'm going to check the teacher's website to ascertain the truth. What does the word "Ascertain" mean based on how it is used in the text

make sure, verify

100

What is the central idea of a fictional text called?

Theme

100

What is the central idea of a non fiction text called, what is a central idea, and how do you find the central idea?

1. Central idea of a non fiction text is main idea

2. Central idea (Main idea) is what the text is mostly about

3. To find the central idea (Main idea) find the who, what, where, when, why, how of each paragraph

200

What is a rebuttal?

A rebuttal is the response to the counterclaim

200

When Kaitlin got to Patrick's apartment, she noticed a foul smell. She looked around and saw several halffilled cans of soda and some uncooked chicken breasts that had gone bad in a pan in the kitchen. She also noticed that all the lights and televisions were on and that Patrick wasn't home.

What character trait does Patrick demonstrate? 

Wasteful, lazy, spoiled

200

Bruce did not want to help clean up the trash by the river, but the principal told him that since he chose to skip classes on Friday, his participation in the event would be compulsory. What does the word "Compulsory" mean beased on how it is used in the text?

Mandatory

200

When Curtis transferred to our high school from some fancy private school, I was assigned the job of showing him around our building. First, I showed him our trophy case. Our school has done put together some quality teams and programs over the years, so our trophy case was pretty full. Curtis was not impressed. He claimed that the trophy case was at least twice as big as ours and much more crowded. Next I showed him our swimming pool. Not every high school has a swimming pool, so we were proud of ours, but Curtis couldn't care less. "The swimming pool at my old school is bigger and more modern. This one looks kind of dirty," he said with disdain. I continued to guide Curtis around the school, showing him our cafeteria, gymnasium, and even our garden, but Curtis seemed disappointed with everything that he saw. He'd quickly compare it to his old school, which in his words was superior to ours in every way. The last thing I showed Curtis was the front door. I told him that he would like this one best because he could walk through it and go back to his old school. What is the theme of this story? How do you know?

Don't judge people for the things they find valuable. 

200

There are many thoughtful ways to express your love for another person without spending money: you could write a song or cook a meal, but perhaps the best way to express yourself is to create a card. Creating a card is easy if you have the proper materials. Get yourself some nice, thick resume paper or cardstock and fold it in half. Draw some imagery of love on the front of the card; if you're not good at drawing, you can clip out pictures. If you decide to use markers, be careful not to let them bleed through the paper and ruin the other side. Lastly, write a poem or heartfelt statement on the inside to your beloved and you're done. Now isn't that a much better way to express your love than a rose from the gas station?

The text is explaining how to make a valentine's Day

300

One of the most common questions asked of veterinarians is, “Why does my dog eat grass?” The truth is that there is no single answer; different dogs may eat grass for different reasons. But in most cases the behavior is both normal and harmless. According to Dr. Melvin Furland, of Good Pets, Happy Pets veterinary clinic, “Your dog will eat anything that tastes good, and . . . grass does.” Because dogs are natural scavengers, they are driven by instinct to look for food everywhere. If your dog likes the taste of grass, then he may just be going outside for a little snack. Or it could be a little more complex; for instance, if you dog isn’t getting enough fiber in his normal diet, he could be seeking to fill that nutritional need by gnoshing on grass. They say that dogs are a lot like their owners, and one thing that dogs do just like we do is to eat when they’re bored. If your dog doesn’t get enough exercise, enough mental stimulation, or enough attention, he may just be trying to entertain himself. Dr. Cindy McGuire, though, of the Fuller Animal Hospital, thinks differently. “Eating grass is a sign of stomach distress,” she says. “When dogs eat grass, they are self‐medicating. If your dog vomits after eating grass, it isn’t because the grass is harmful; but it may be because there is some other problem that needs to be checked out by your vet.” Nine out of the ten veterinarians surveyed while writing this article agreed that eating grass was both normal and harmless behavior for a dog. The tenth vet, however, brought up a very good point: “Eating grass can be harmful to your pet if your lawn is treated with dangerous fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides.” So if you have a furry‐four‐legged lawnmower at home, be sure to use only non‐toxic products on your lawn, and when walking your dogs, watch for signs warning that chemicals have been used on the grass. And then don’t worry. Let Rover have a salad if he wants one. It isn’t going to hurt him. 

What is the claim of this article?

Eating grass is ok for dogs because it is harmless.

300

Ms. Roberts noticed that Tierney had not been herself recently. She participated less in class, dressed in darker colors, and didn't want to associate with the friends that she had at the beginning of the school year. Noticing these changes, Ms. Roberts scheduled a conference after school with Tierney so that they could talk in private. 

What character trait does Ms. Roberts demonstrate?

Concerned, dedicated, perceptive

300

When Bobby asked Kelly to give him one reason why they shouldn't go, Kelly enumerated a list long enough to quiet Bobby. What does the word "enumerated" mean in the text?

created

300

Alan had very few responsibilities, but one of them was to clean his room. It did not take long, but Alan still didn't like doing it. One day Alan thought of a way to save some time. Rather than putting everything neatly back in its place, he decided to just throw all the stuff on the floor into his closet. His mom would think that he had cleaned his room, and it would only take a fraction of the time. Alan was pleased with himself for thinking of this brilliant idea. He figured that this would save a lot of time and energy. The next time his room got messy, he piled everything up in the closet and the pile grew. It grew and grew. Then Alan's friend Steve called. "Alan, everyone is playing baseball at the park. Do you want to play too?" Alan loved baseball. "That sounds great, Steve. I'll be right there." Alan went to grab his baseball mitt when he realized that it wasn't in its usual place. Alan thought to himself, I guess it's in the closet. When he opened up the closet door, he was faced with a huge, unnavigable mess, some of which poured out as he opened the door. Alan began digging through the pile in a frantic attempt to find his mitt. He dug and dug, and as he dug his room got messier and messier. Soon his room was the messiest that it had ever been, and he still hadn't found his mitt. Alan sighed in despair. By the time he found his mitt, the boys had long concluded their game and Alan had hours of cleaning ahead of him before he'd be allowed to leave. What is the theme of this story? How you know?

A thing worth doing is worth doing correctly. Cutting corners comes at a cost, better to do things the right way the first time then to keep having to do it

300

Some people think that some holidays celebrating love are nothing but clever ploys by marketers to get consumers to buy candy, flowers, and stuffed animals, but who cares? In America, we celebrate two love themed holidays: Valentine's Day and Sweetest Day. Valentine's Day is celebrated in the winter, while Sweetest Day is celebrated in the fall. Valentine's Day is more focused on bringing lovers together, while Sweetest Day is for all of the friends, relatives, and associates whose kindness we've enjoyed. Both occasions, however, are great times to remember what's most important: the people about whom we care.

The text is comparing sweetest Day to valentine's Day

400

One of the most common questions asked of veterinarians is, “Why does my dog eat grass?” The truth is that there is no single answer; different dogs may eat grass for different reasons. But in most cases the behavior is both normal and harmless. According to Dr. Melvin Furland, of Good Pets, Happy Pets veterinary clinic, “Your dog will eat anything that tastes good, and . . . grass does.” Because dogs are natural scavengers, they are driven by instinct to look for food everywhere. If your dog likes the taste of grass, then he may just be going outside for a little snack. Or it could be a little more complex; for instance, if you dog isn’t getting enough fiber in his normal diet, he could be seeking to fill that nutritional need by gnoshing on grass. They say that dogs are a lot like their owners, and one thing that dogs do just like we do is to eat when they’re bored. If your dog doesn’t get enough exercise, enough mental stimulation, or enough attention, he may just be trying to entertain himself. Dr. Cindy McGuire, though, of the Fuller Animal Hospital, thinks differently. “Eating grass is a sign of stomach distress,” she says. “When dogs eat grass, they are self‐medicating. If your dog vomits after eating grass, it isn’t because the grass is harmful; but it may be because there is some other problem that needs to be checked out by your vet.” Nine out of the ten veterinarians surveyed while writing this article agreed that eating grass was both normal and harmless behavior for a dog. The tenth vet, however, brought up a very good point: “Eating grass can be harmful to your pet if your lawn is treated with dangerous fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides.” So if you have a furry‐four‐legged lawnmower at home, be sure to use only non‐toxic products on your lawn, and when walking your dogs, watch for signs warning that chemicals have been used on the grass. And then don’t worry. Let Rover have a salad if he wants one. It isn’t going to hurt him.

What is the counterclaim of this article?

Eating grass is harmful because if the grass has fertilizer it can poison your dog.

400

The home team was down three points and it was the last play of the football season. The coach decided to go for the win. The ball went to star running back Brant Barker. Brant easily maneuvered around the defenders, juked, threw a stiff arm, and made it to other side of the field. Right before crossing into the end zone, Brant did a little shuffle. He was so into nailing the footwork on his shuffle that he did not notice that the opposition had caught up to him. They hit him so hard that he fumbled the ball and the home team lost. 

What character trait does Brant demonstrate?  

showoff, overconfident, arrogant 

400

What type of figurative language is being used and how do you know?

I found her dancing like a leaf 

And singing like a bird

Simile and the speaker compares her to a leaf and a bird using like

400

Dan and Doug led the journalism club. While Dan was generally regarded as a better writer than Doug, Doug was invaluable to the publication for his investigative skills. Together, they had uncovered a scandal in the cafeteria that had been dubbed "Horsemeat-Gate." Due to Dan and Doug's compelling story, interest in the high school paper grew. Dan was even interviewed by the local paper. During the interview Dan spoke at length about all he had done to write the story. He failed to mention Doug's involvement. Doug felt slighted and confronted Dan, but Dan asserted that he was the main writer of the story and therefore deserved the credit. Shortly after the blowout, Doug left the journalism club. The people of the town were interested in the high school paper, but without Doug's knack for finding good stories, the quality of the paper diminished and so did interest in the paper. Now that his popularity surge had ended, Dan had more time to think. He reasoned that they'd still be on top of the world if Doug hadn't been so stubborn and selfish. 

What is theme of this story? how do you know?

Give credit where credit is due. A good relationship has to have some give and take.

400

Money moves most things in our world. For example the National Confectioners Association, a collection of over seventy major candy manufacturers, wanted to sell more candy. Apparently, when people buy candy, they make money. Anyway, they wanted to make more money; so in 1921 they created a "holiday" called Sweetest Day. They've since spent millions of dollars trying to convince consumers that this holiday exists and that consumers should celebrate this very real and meaningful occasion by purchasing candy. Card dealer Hallmark has also heavily promoted this specter of commercial interest, prompting the notion that Sweetest Day is a "Hallmark Holiday." That reminds me: have you ever heard of Give Me a Dollar Day?

The text is describing how the candy industry wanted money so they created sweetest day.

500

One of the most common questions asked of veterinarians is, “Why does my dog eat grass?” The truth is that there is no single answer; different dogs may eat grass for different reasons. But in most cases the behavior is both normal and harmless. According to Dr. Melvin Furland, of Good Pets, Happy Pets veterinary clinic, “Your dog will eat anything that tastes good, and . . . grass does.” Because dogs are natural scavengers, they are driven by instinct to look for food everywhere. If your dog likes the taste of grass, then he may just be going outside for a little snack. Or it could be a little more complex; for instance, if you dog isn’t getting enough fiber in his normal diet, he could be seeking to fill that nutritional need by gnoshing on grass. They say that dogs are a lot like their owners, and one thing that dogs do just like we do is to eat when they’re bored. If your dog doesn’t get enough exercise, enough mental stimulation, or enough attention, he may just be trying to entertain himself. Dr. Cindy McGuire, though, of the Fuller Animal Hospital, thinks differently. “Eating grass is a sign of stomach distress,” she says. “When dogs eat grass, they are self‐medicating. If your dog vomits after eating grass, it isn’t because the grass is harmful; but it may be because there is some other problem that needs to be checked out by your vet.” Nine out of the ten veterinarians surveyed while writing this article agreed that eating grass was both normal and harmless behavior for a dog. The tenth vet, however, brought up a very good point: “Eating grass can be harmful to your pet if your lawn is treated with dangerous fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides.” So if you have a furry‐four‐legged lawnmower at home, be sure to use only non‐toxic products on your lawn, and when walking your dogs, watch for signs warning that chemicals have been used on the grass. And then don’t worry. Let Rover have a salad if he wants one. It isn’t going to hurt him.

Evaluate the author's argument, is their claim valid? How do you know?

500

Lyle's cousin Ted works at a packing plant. After Lyle asked Ted to get him a job there several times, Ted went out of his way and got Lyle hired. The night before Lyle's first day, Lyle stayed up late hanging out with friends. Then he slept in and arrived at the packing plant an hour late. During his training, Lyle was yawning and almost fell asleep on the line. Ted shook his head in disgust. 

What character trait does Lyle demonstrate?

Irresponsible, unappreciative, disrespectful

500

What type of figurative language is being used and how do you know?

Death will wait until you come.

 Personification because it gives death the ability to wait.

500

Lucas swung his fist as hard as he could and hit William between the shoulder blades. William cringed and moaned. He was a grade younger than Lucas and forty pounds lighter. "That's what you get for sitting on my swing, crybaby," Lucas said with anger in his eyes and hatred in his heart. "If you tell on me, I'll hit you twice as hard!" Lucas shouted at William as he ran off crying. Lucas enjoyed bullying William. It was easy to do and it made Lucas feel strong and good about himself. As he was regaling in his easy victory over the fragile William, Lucas felt a sharp sting in between his shoulder blades as he was knocked from the swing. "Ugh!" He shouted as he sprawled across the soft rubber playground tiles. Lucas looked up to see Craig. Craig was a grade older than Lucas and at least forty pounds heavier. "That's what you get for bullying little kids, coward," Craig said with anger in his eyes and justice in his heart. "If I see you put your hands on another little kid out here, or anywhere else, I'm going to hit you twice as hard!" Craig shouted at Lucas as he ran off crying. What is the theme of the story? How you know?

Treat others as youj wish to be treated. What goes around comes around.

500

Every Valentine's Day millions of school children slip each other cards: some sloppily assembled for classmates and friends, others more heartfelt and carefully composed, but most students have no idea how far back this practice dates. The earliest Valentine's Day card dates back to the 1400s. When postage rates dropped in the early 1800s, mailing them grew in popularity. Then, in the 1840s, the first Valentine's cards were mass produced. Today, the Valentine's Day card continues to evolve. In 2010, an estimated 15 million e-valentines were sent. But some things never change: Will you be mine? Click "Y" or "N."

The text describes the evolution of valentine's day

Click to zoom