Copyright Basics
Types of Intellectual Property
Copyright Exceptions and Limitations
Public Domain
100

These laws grant exclusive rights to creators of original works to adapt, distribute, copy, translate, and perform work.

What is copyright?

100

Gives inventors a monopoly on their inventions for a limited period of time.

What is patent law?

100

Copyright must last at least as long as the life of the author and an additional 50 years.

What is the minimum standard for the duration of copyright?

100

Works that are free from copyright protection.

What is the public domain?

200

Enacted in 1710, this law granted 14 years of legal protection to authors in England against others copying their books. It was enacted to support authors making a living from their work.

What was the Statute of Anne/the world’s first copyright law?

200

Helps producers protect their reputation and helps the public differentiate between goods and services.

What is trademark law?

200

Parody, criticism, and access for the visually impaired

What are common exceptions and limitations to copyright?

200

A license which allows creators to put their work in the public domain.

What is a CCO (“CC Zero”) license?

300

This rationale argues that copyright protects the connection authors have with creative works and is founded on moral rights.

What is the author’s rights rationale for copyright?

300

Special patents that protect design of objects that are functional in nature.

What are design patents?

300

In the US, the following factors are considered in deciding if use of a work is fair: the nature of a copyrighted work, the purpose and character of the use, the effect on the potential market, and the amount of the work used in relation to the size of the copyright.

What is fair use?

300

These licenses work with copyright to allow the public to reuse works under certain conditions.

What are Creative Commons licenses?

400

What is the author’s rights rationale for copyright?

What is the utilitarian rationale for copyright?

400

Usually for food and products, allows for a place name to be used for a product grown in a specific location.

What are geographical indications?

400

This provision gives educators in accredited, non-profit educational institutions expanded copyright exemptions for online instruction.

What is the Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act?

400

In most countries, the moment a work is created, copyright is automatically assigned to the creator.

How is copyright assigned to a work?

500

Ideas, facts, statutes, and works created by government employees in some countries.

What types of works are not entitled to copyright protection?

500

Protection for commercially viable information such as a recipe or manufacturing process.

What is a trade secret?

500

Requires member nations to create limitations and exceptions to copyright law to benefit people with print disabilities.

What is the Marrakesh Treaty?

500

A work automatically enters into the public domain.

What happens when copyright protection expires?

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