Literary Periods
Texts We Read
6 Traits of Writing

The word "renaissance" literally means _____ in French.



Identify the poet of either one of these poems (if you can identify both, plus 100):

1) The Passionate Shepherd to His Love

2) The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd

1) Christopher Marlowe

2) Sir Walter Raleigh


A thesis statement should be clear, specific, and _____.



What logical structure/pattern does Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” follow?

a problem-solution structure/pattern


Give another body part (aside from your arms, hands, and fingers) that you can use to make purposeful gestures during public speaking.

Any of the following: head, mouth/lips, eyes, eyebrows, shoulders, upper body (or torso), legs, feet, etc.


The Renaissance is a period of revival/rediscovery of the literature, art, philosophy, etc. of which period?

The Classical Period (ancient Greek and Roman works)

What are the two main characteristics that a parody should have?

It has to be comedic or humorous in nature and it has to be an imitation of the original.


What's the biggest difference between persuasive and argumentative writing/speaking?

persuasive = more emotion-based (pathos), ignores counterarguments

argumentative = more logic-based (logos), acknowledges and refutes the opposing claims


Give another way for you to expand your vocabulary aside from reading more.

- using the thesaurus when writing

- doing vocabulary and idiom drills

- playing vocabulary games or apps

- etc.


Give a big no-no when it comes to public speaking.

- skipping practice

- speaking too fast

- using fillers (um, uh, like, you know)

- no eye contact or looking at notes for too long

- fidgeting/unnecessary/distracting movements

- beginning one's speech by apologizing

- etc.


The Enlightenment period is also called the "Age of _____."

The Age of Reason

What is the purpose of pastoral poetry?

- to contrast the innocence and serenity of the simple life with the misery and corruption of city/urban life

- to explore the relationship between humans and nature, idealizing a simple country life


In this paragraph, the writer gives a refutation of the counterargument (highlighted in the text) by showing that it is invalid. What is the writer’s refutation? 

It is invalid to say that students who wear school uniforms cannot express their individuality. The refutation that proved this is invalid is: School uniforms would be worn only during school hours. Students can express their individuality in the way that they dress outside of the classroom.


Give three ways on how you can begin your essay in an interesting way (hook).

Possible answers: a quotation, a question (may be rhetorical too), a startling/shocking statement, an anecdote, a joke, a statistic, etc.


When something is published 'posthumously,' what does it mean?

It means it was published after the death of the work's writer/creator.


What was a popular way during the Enlightenment period to gain public support for an idea? (clue: this is what Jonathan Swift did to spread the news of his 'modest' proposal)



Identify what is being poked fun at in this parody:

our country's broken and crowded roads and streets


Use ethos to persuade other people in reading "A Modest Proposal" by Jonathan Swift.

Possible answers:

- You know me as an avid reader, and you can trust me when I say that you will enjoy reading this literary work.

- As a renowned author myself, take my word for it: reading "A Modest Proposal" will blow your mind.

- This work will surely be enjoyed by intellectual, deep-thinking, cerebral bookworms like me.

- After reading and analyzing this myself, I can personally attest how thought-provoking and enlightening this text is.

- Jonathan Swift is considered to be one of the greatest writers in history, so you can safely assume that reading his work is worth your time.


Read the following statement: "I thought she was my friend, but she turned out to be a snake."

In this sentence, does the word "snake" use its denotative or connotative meaning?

The word "snake" in the given sentence means "a treacherous or deceitful person." Therefore, it uses its connotative meaning.


Compose a short statement using the idiom "charity begins at home" correctly.

Possible answers: Many countries have their own economic problems, but remember that charity begins at home.


List all four (4) literary periods we have tackled so far since the 1st Quarter chronologically.

1Q - Ancient Literature

1Q - Classical Period

(Medieval Period)

2Q - Renaissance

2Q - Enlightenment


How does a satire lend itself as an effective tool in building a better society?

- by using humor and jest to keep audience’s attention locked on the work

- by deriving a reaction of contempt or shock from the audience, thus shedding light to problems in society

- by pointing out the faults of society, leading the people to rethink/redefine their behavior 


What counterargument would you give to someone who claims that "A Modest Proposal" is only about cannibalism?

Possible answer: If you read it closely and analyze it beyond surface level, you will find that "A Modest Proposal" is in fact an obvious satire that is not at all meant to be taken literally, and the consumption of babies is Swift's symbolism of the Irish poor's commodification or likening to livestock.


Correct the all the wrong word choices in this statement: 

It gave me a headache when the news said that the Russia-Ukraine war will continue to lessen the economy, which I heard while I was finding my keys—but it’s like they seize to exist!

It gave me a headache when the news said that the Russia-Ukraine war will continue to negatively affect the economy, which I heard while I was looking for my keys—but it’s like they ceased to exist!


How is extemporaneous speaking different from impromptu and prepared/memorized speech?

extemporaneous speech = a prepared speech (not memorized) where the speaker only uses notes to guide him/her in speaking

impromptu speech = a speech delivered without any preparation beforehand

prepared/memorized speech = reading a written speech from a printed copy (or teleprompter) or delivering a rehearsed speech purely from memory

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