Main Idea 1
Main Idea 2
Plot Elements
Context Clues
Drawing Conclusions
100

The department of Fish and Wildlife gives each participating classroom 500 salmon eggs.  When the eggs hatch, the children care for the baby salmon and learn about their life cycle.  When the salmon are big enough, the class goes on a field trip to release the salmon into a stream or river.  What is the main idea of this paragraph?

School children are raising salmon.

100

Did you know that giraffes are the tallest animals in the world? They are unique in other ways, too. For one thing, they sleep only about 20 minutes each day, and usually not more than five minutes at a time. (They have to remain alert for predators.) Also, every giraffe’s coat is unique, and varies in color from white to nearly black, depending on what they eat and where they live.

Giraffes are unique animals.

100

Where does resolution take place in a passage?

At the end.

100

As the summer sun sent scattered rays through the maple and oak leaves overhead, the young deer stood frozen, making it almost impossible for the hikers to see her. In the above passage, the word “frozen” means _______.

Not moving

100

Robert's favorite food is pizza. He just inherited \$400,000 dollars from his late Aunt Helga. Helga has always encouraged Robert to follow his dreams because she never had the chance to. He suddenly thinks of a great idea for what to do with the money.

He will open a pizza restaurant.

200

The Atacama Desert is located on a plateau in northern Chile.  It almost never rains in the Atacama Desert, in fact there are some areas of the desert where rainfall has never been recorded.  The average yearly rainfall in Atacama is just 1 millimeter.  Nowhere else on earth is dryer than the Atacama Desert!

The Atacama Desert is the driest place on Earth.

200

Many forest fires are started by lightning strikes or other natural causes. However, most forest fires are started by humans being careless. People toss cigarettes or leave a few embers burning in a fire pit. All it takes is a few leaves to catch fire without someone noticing. This is why Smokey says: Only YOU can prevent forest fires!

Most forest fires are caused by human carelessness.

200

What is the purpose of rising action?

To build suspense and add details before the climax.

200

Fortunately, the explosion diverted the asteroid from a course that would have sent it hurdling into our planet. To divert is to _______.

Change the direction of

200

Justin is sitting on the couch playing X-box when his sister comes into the house with the dog. Sparky comes over to the couch and Justin notices that his fur is all wet. He glances towards where his sister was standing and just sees her hang up a yellow jacket.

It's raining outside.

300

Giant pandas live in bamboo forests in China.  The average giant panda eats about 30 pounds of bamboo each day.  Unfortunately, the forests are being cut down and the giant panda is losing its habitat.

Giant pandas are losing their habitat.

300

Tomatoes are a great addition to your garden. They come in many types, from tiny tomatoes the size of marbles to huge ones the size of grapefruits. They also come in different colors, from the usual red to green, purple, yellow, orange, and even striped! Tomato plants need some care to grow, but even a new gardener can grow a crop.

Tomatoes are a good addition to a vegetable garden.
300

This is the turning point of the story. Usually, the most important event happens here.

Climax

300

In the early 1600s, a dangerous trip across the Atlantic Ocean was a daunting idea. The Europeans, who would someday be known as the Pilgrims, must have been a very determined and brave group of settlers. A daunting task is one that would _______ someone.

Frighten or intimidate

300

Bob and Steve are very competitive. Steve has more pins than Bob and Bob is not happy. The next time it's Steve's turn he decides to gloat about having a better score. Bob tells Steve to cool it or he'll throw him down the gutter.

Bob and Steve are bowling.

400

Guinea pigs may be pets in the United States, but in Peru, they are dinner.  Guinea pigs are a good source of protein for many people who live in Peru.  They can also be a much needed source of income for people who raise them to sell.

In Peru, many people eat guinea pigs. :(

400

Have you ever noticed that there are many different markings on the road? These markings keep drivers safe on the road. White lines along the edge of the road show where the road ends. White or yellow dashed lines mark the different lanes. A double yellow line tells you that traffic will be going in the other direction on the other side.

The markings on the road signal different things to drivers.

400

What are the 4 main types of conflict?

Man vs Man, Man vs Self, Man vs Society, and Man vs Nature

400

Your plan looks good. I hope it will really work. It’s time to implement it and see if it’s as brilliant as you claim. What does implement mean?

Carry out or put in place

400

Sally loves Hannah Montana. She is walking past a music store at the mall when she see's someone is signing autographs. She is about to walk past the store, does a double take, and runs inside the store.

Miley Cyrus (Hannah Montana) is signing autographs.

500

A pygmy marmoset monkey is only about 5 inches tall and weights just 4 ounces.  The pygmy marmoset is smaller than any other kind of monkey.  Pygmy marmosets live in the Amazon rain forest in South America.

The smallest monkey in the world is the pygmy marmoset monkey.

500

Farming allowed Native American people to grow more food. However, they had to stay in one place to tend their gardens. As a result, people began living in larger, permanent villages. Populations grew and developed more complicated governments. Because they lived in large groups, people could also develop more specific skills.

Farming had many effects for Native Americans.

500

This includes details and explanations that bring a story toward the end. Tension also eases, but the final outcome is not fully worked out.

Falling action

500

Marsha is really an introvert. When I took her to Jason’s party, she sat in a corner without speaking to anyone. All she did was eat most of the snacks. The only reason she hangs out with me is because I never try to force her to be sociable. She would never forgive me if I introduced her to anyone. An introvert is usually _____.

Shy

500

Isaac and Jenna are eating out at their favorite restaurant. Isaac orders dessert and the waiter brings it over. Jenna is about to take a bite when she notices something shiny sticking out the top of it. Just as she's trying to take a closer look Isaac starts to ask her something.

Isaac is going to propose to Jenna.

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