Earth Science Constructive/Destructive
S5E1
Earth Science Continued
S5E1
Physical Science
Chemical/Physical Changes
S5P2
Physical Science
Electricity/ Magnetism
S5P3
Physical Science
Random
S5P1-3
100
At the mouth of a river that empties into an ocean, a river delta is formed. The delta is a result of: A) Erosion B) Deposition C) Pollution D) Condensation
B) Deposition (constructive)
100
_________ is any process that changes a landform withoug changing it's chemical composition A) Mechanical or Physical Weathering B)Chemical Weathering C) Oxidation D) Erosion
A) Mechanical or physical weathering (weathering is destructive)
100
How can you change matter from one state to another? A) by changing its container B) by adding or removing heat C) by dividing it in half D) by changing its volume
B) adding or removing heat
100
If Mr. James rubs a balloon on his hair and holds it up to the wall, the balloon is repelled. What is this called? A) static electricity B)conductivity C)insulation D)an electric circuit
A) static electricity
100
The complete path through which electricity flows is called a: A) sensor B)wire C)circuit D)plug
200
Canyons, such as the Grand Canyon and Providence Canyon, are formed as a result of: A) a volcano B) an Earthquake C)erosion D) a glacier
C) erosion (destructive force)
200
Scientists who study earthquakes in order to predict and prepare for them are called: A)meteorologists B)Seismologists C)Archaeologists D)biologists
B) Seismologists
200
Which of the following is an example of a chemical change? A) water boiling B)metal rusting C)ice melting D) seismic activity (an earthquake)
B) metal rusting (think about color change)
200
If you put a magnet into a pile of paper clips, what will happen? A) nothing B) the paper clips will scatter C) the paper clips will be attracted to the magnet D)the magnet will melt the paper clips
C) they will be attracted to the magnet
200
What makes the magnetic field around an electromagnet? A) a bar magnet B)an electric current C)a compass D)an insulator
B)electric current
300
Islands such as the Hawaiian Islands were formed as a result of:
A) deposistion B)glaciers C)Hurricanes D)volcanic activity
300
Which of the following is used for flood control? A) dams B)levees C)windbreaks D)both A and B
D) both A and B
300
Last Saturday, Mrs. Culliver wanted to make breakfast. First, she cracked several eggs into a bowl and stirred them. Second, she grated some cheese into the bowl. Third, she ground fresh black pepper into the bowl and stirred it all together. Finally, Mrs. Culliver emptied the contents of the bowl into a hot skillet and cooked the ingredients to perfection. Which of the steps listed above is NOT a physical change ? A)cracking the eggs into a bowl B) grating the cheese C) grinding the black pepper D) cooking the eggs
D) cooking the eggs
300
If you put the North (positive) end of one magnet next to the South (negative) end of a second magnet, what will happen? A) they will attract B)they will repel C)they will not move D)none of the above
A) they will attract
300
Which of the following describes a chemical change instead of a physical one? A)a copper bracelet gets twisted into a new shape B) a copper bracelet gets melted into liquid copper C) a copper bracelet turns green after it is work D) a copper bracelet is painted red
C) a copper bracelet turns green
400
Mr. James was looking at pictures of different mountain ranges in the United States. He was surprised to see that the Appalachian Mountains were smaller and more rounded than the Rocky Mountains, explain why the Appalachian Mountains look old and worn compared to the Rockies: A) the effect of wind and water caused erosion, wearing away the mountains B)Too many people and animals traveled across the mountains, causing them to wear away C)All of the snowfall was so heavy that it weighted down the mountains and caused them to shrink D)The water that used to cover Earth wore away parts of the mountains
A) the effect of wind and water caused erosion, wearing away the mountains (destructive)
400
What results in the change in a rocks composition? A) chemical weathering B)oxidation C) mechanical weathering D) leaching
A) chemical weathering
400
Mixtures are made up of substances that are: A) chemically changed and can be physically separated B) chemically changed and cannot be physically separated C) not chemically changed and can be physically separated D) not chemically changed and cannot by physically separated
C) not chemically changed and can be physically separated (think a salad, KoolAid)
400
Which of these would NOT make a good insulator? A)an eraser B)a piece of paper C)a paper clip D) a plastic comb
c) a paper clip why?
400
Mr. James leaves an ice cube sitting in a glass next to a window. After about an hour, the ice changes into a clear substance that takes the shape of the bottom of the glass. Finally, after three days, there appeared to be nothing in the glass at all. What states of matter did the ice cube pass through? A)liquid then gas then solid B)solid then liquid then gas C)gas then liquid then solid D)solid then gas then liquid
B)
500
An Earthquake is caused by an abrupt shift in the Earth along a fracture in the earths crust, called a: A) fault B)seismic wave C) Geiger counter D) plate
A fault (constructive)
500
When water enters a crack in a rock and then freezes, what will possibly happen to the rock? A) the crack might get larger and split the rock B) the rock might become stronger due to the ice C)the rock might melt and change into an igneous rock D)none of the above
A) the crack might get larger and split the rock
500
What characteristic best describes what happens during a physical change? A)chemical composition changes B)composition stays the same C)form (state of matter) stays the same D) mass is lost
B)composition stays the same
500
Which of these is a conductor of electricity A) rubber B)water C)plastic D)wood
B)water
500
If sugar and sand are mixed, which of the following methods would separate the sugar and sand mixture? A) melt the mixture in a pot B)pour the mixture through a filter(a sieve) with wholes small enough to allow sugar to pass through but not sand C) pour the mixture into water to dissolve the sugar D)they cannot be separated
B)
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