Skeletal/Muscular Systems
Circulatory/Respiratory Systems
Digestive/Excretory Systems
Nervous/Endocrine Systems
Reproductive/Immune Systems

a place where two or more bones meet.

what is a joint


the fluid that carries gases, nutrients, and wastes through the body and is made up of platelets, white blood cells, red blood cells, and plasma.

what is blood


the system that collects and excretes nitrogenous wastes and excess water from the body in the form of urine.

what is the excretory system


a substance that is made in one cell or tissue and that causes a change in another cell or tissue in a different part of the body.

what is a hormone


the ability to resist or recover from an infectious disease.

what is immunity


which tough connect tissue connects muscles to bones

what are tendons


a collection of organs whose primary function is to take in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide; the organs of this system include the lungs, the throat, and the passageways that lead to the lungs.

what is the respiratory system


the this organ makes bile, stores and filters blood, and stores excess sugars as glycogen.

what is the liver


This system is formed from billions of specialized cells, called neurons.

what is the nervous system


a protein made by B cells that binds to a specific antigen

what is an antibody


Which type of tissues holds together bones in a joint

what are ligaments


Which body system include both the cardiovascular system and the lymphatic system

What is the circulatory system

the organ that lies behind the stomach and that makes digestive enzymes and hormones that regulate sugar levels.

what is the pancreas


List the functions of the endocrine system

regulate growth, development, and homeostasis


in humans, a developing individual from first division after fertilization through the 10th week of pregnancy.

what is an embryo


Name the three types of muscle tissues and explain where they are found in the body. Specify whether they are voluntary or involuntary.

Skeletal- attached to bones, responsible for voluntary movement

Smooth- found throughout the body and are the muscles responsible for involuntary contractions

Cardiac- found in the heart


Name and define the three types of blood vessels

Artery- a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body’s organs.

Vein- in biology, a vessel that carries blood to the heart.

Capillary- a tiny blood vessel that allows an exchange between blood and cells in tissue.


Name the organ that filters water and wastes from the blood, excretes products as urine, and regulates the concentration of certain substances in the blood.

what are the kidneys

Name and define the major organs of the nervous system

Brain- the organ that is the main control center of the nervous system.

Spinal Cord- a column of nerve tissue running from the base of the brain through the vertebral column.


a developing human from the end of the 10th week of pregnancy until birth.

what is a fetus


Explain how the skeletal system works together with the circulatory system

Your circulatory system delivers oxygen-rich blood to your bones. Meanwhile, your bones are busy making new blood cells. Working together, these systems maintain internal stability and balance, otherwise known as homeostasis


Name three organs of the respiratory system other than the lungs and give their functions

Larynx- the part of the respiratory system between the pharynx and the trachea; has walls of cartilage and muscle and contains the vocal cords.

Pharynx- the part of the respiratory system that extends from the mouth to the larynx.

Trachea- the thin-walled tube that extends from the larynx to the bronchi; carries air to the lungs; also called windpipe.


Name the major organs of the digestive system and give their functions

Esophagus- a long, straight tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.

Stomach- the saclike, digestive organ that is between the esophagus and the small intestine and that breaks down food by the action of muscles, enzymes and acids.

Small Intestine- the organ between the stomach and the large intestine where most of the breakdown of food happens and most of the nutrients from food are absorbed.

Large Intestine- the broader and shorter part of the intestine, where water is removed from the mostly digested food to turn the waste into semi solid feces, or stool.


List the organs of the endocrine system

the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands, the hypothalamus, the pineal gland, and the gonads.

Name the main organs and function of the male and female reproductive systems

Ovary- In the female reproductive system of animals, an organ that produces eggs.

Testes- the primary male reproductive organs, which produces sperm cells and testosterone.

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