Modifications
Accommodation or Modification?
Accommodations
Accommodation: Instructional, Environmental, or Assessment?
Potpourri
100

A grade 8 student is doing their math at a grade 1 level.

A modification, because the curriculum expectations are being changed from the official document.

Applicability: LD Student

100

A student is exempt from doing Physical Education. 

A modification, because the curriculum expectations are being changed from the official document.

Applicability: A student who cannot control their extremities. 

100

A student gets to wear a giant turtle shell on their head at recess in order to feel comfortable socially.

Not an accommodation because it does not affect learning the curriculum.

100

FM Speaker System

Instructional

Applicability: Student with hearing impairment.

100

Name a modification for a non-communicative student with ASD in grade 5. 

Alternative programming to work on life skills. 

200

A student is pulled out of class multiple times a day to work on personal hygiene skills. 

Not a modification unless it is required so frequently the curriculum expectations are being changed from the official document. Maybe, if always missed french class because of it and there was no way to change the schedule.

Applicability: Student who has not learned self toileting by grade 1.

200

A student uses a special computer that reads their facial movements to move a cursor on the screen. 

Accommodation, because the student is still attempting the same curriculum expectations as their peers. The computer is required to help them do it.

Applicability: Student with severe Cerebral Palsy.

200

A student will use a special pencil grip when trying to write or draw.

Accommodation.

Applicability: Any student who is struggling to write neatly, who does not hold a pencil properly. 

200

Videotaping

Assessment.

Applicability: A student with an anxiety disorder, for public speaking related expectations.

200

A new grade 2 age student moves to Ontario from an area that speaks no English or French, and they have never been in a school before. Name 1 possible accommodation.

Interpreter. 

300

Grade 6 student has to do fewer expectations during Science class. 

A modification, because the curriculum expectations are being changed from the full official document.

Applicability: A student with LD who does not do application expectations.

300

A student is given fewer homework questions than their peers.

Accommodation because no curriculum expectations are being changed. Merely the amount of work. 

Applicability: ADHD student who requires additional time for questions. Giving the same amount of work while this student needs significantly more time to complete it would not be inclusive or fair.

300

A student may wear ear defenders at all times of the day.

Accommodation because it is a way to lower audio stimuli and help them focus. 

Applicability: Student with ADHD who is easily distracted

300

Extra Time

Both Instructional and Assessment. 

Applicability: Just about anything. For example, a gifted student who insists on doing extremely thorough work and gets upset if not allowed to finish. 

300

A new grade 2 age student moves to Ontario from an area that speaks no English or French, and they have never been in a school before. Name 1 possible Modification.

All modified to grade 1 or Kinder level. 

400

A grade 7 student has all questions translated to them by their personal EA, and all answers are scribed for them by the same EA.

Not a modification, because the curriculum expectations are as written.

Applicability: A student with multiple disabilities.

400

A student has Speech Therapy every day for 30 minutes out of Math time. 

Neither. It has nothing directly to do with the curriculum. 

Applicability: A student with a cleft palate. 

400

Self Advocacy Practice

Not an accommodation. While incredibly important, it is NOT directly helping a student complete a regular expectation.

Applicability: A student with extreme shyness

400

Chair bands

Environmental, because it deals with their chairs they sit on and need to fidget with.

Applicability: Student with ADHD who finds sitting still difficult and it affects their learning.

400

Give a situation where a student may appear to need a modification but the IPRC decides against it.

Many answers: A student who is way behind, but for many reasons is unlikely to every be identified with a learning disability. IE home problems, rarely in school, have hearing issues.

500

A grade 8 student who is allowed to use a calculator for all math subjects.

A modification, because it alters some of the math expectations that require mental math (in this case, multiplying and dividing).

Applicability: A student with a disability that does not allow for mental arithmetic (eg MID).

500

A student is given different homework from their peers because they are working on a different topic. 

A modification, because the student is working on different curriculum expectations from the rest of the class.

Applicability: A student with MID who is working 2 grade levels below the class.

500

Clean, empty walls

Accommodation. A reduction in visual stimulation is an environmental accommodation to help with focus.

Applicability: ADHD students who tend to daydream.

500

Headphones

All 3. They can be needed for audio versions of texts, or reduction of audio stimuli.

Applicability: ASD student where loud noises are interfering, and audio versions of instructions or texts are needed.

500

Name an accommodation that is both Instructional and Assessment, but NOT environmental. 

Many choices: Braille a good one.

Applicability: Just about anybody who need any accommodations not purely about the work setting.

Click to zoom