Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
100

Name the two rivers that flow through Mesopotamia.

Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

100

Most historians think the first civilization was _______.

Sumer

100

Name the three social classes and who was in each class.

Upper Class- landowners, government officials, rich merchants     In-between Class- all free people           Lowest Class- Slaves

200

What does Mesopotamia mean?

Mesopotamia means "and between the rivers".

200

Name the five traits of a civilization.

Advanced Cities, Specialized Workers, Complex Institutions, Record Keeping, Advanced Technology

200

Name two early inventions and how these inventions helped the people of Sumer.

plow- to make farming easier

wheel- to make transportation easier

Cuneiform- used to keep records

Or other appropriate inventions

300

How did Mesopotamia farmers irrigate their fields?

A. built canals        B. allowed water to overflow

C. built mus walls

B. built canals

300

What is a ziggurat?

A ziggurat is a temple.

300

Most slaves in Sumer were ____________________.

A. children who worked to pay off parents' debt         B. taken as prisoners during the war                         C. household servants who helped raise the children




B. taken as prisoners during a war

400

What building materials did the people of Mesopotamia use to build their homes?

A. mud      B. trees     C. cement     D. plastic

A. mud

400

The people of a city-state would ask a powerful man to rule them and protect the city.  What was the title given to these new rulers?

King

400

Why did Sumerians merchants need a written language?

Sumerian merchants invented written language for record keeping and to label goods.

500

Why was trade important to the people of Mesopotamia?

Trade was important because the people did not have many resources and they needed to trade for needed goods.

500

What is cuneiform?

Cuneiform is wedge-shaped writing.

500

Why were scribes highly respected in Sumer?

Scribes were highly respected because they were the record keepers and they were the only people who knew how to write the language.

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